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United States
Department of
Agriculture

Usual Planting and
Harvesting Dates for
U.S. Field Crops

(text and tables only)

December 1997

National
Agricultural
Statistics
Service

Agricultural
Handbook
Number 628
                                            



Introduction


Usual planting and harvesting dates for major field crops appear in this report. Information is arranged by States for major crops and by commodity for selected States. In addition, dot maps show major areas of production. The information was assembled by the National Agricultural Statistics Service, based on the best and latest information available. The same data for vegetables may be found in "Commercial Vegetables for Fresh Market and Processing in Principal Producing Areas, Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates" Agriculture Handbook No. 507, issued February 1977.

The dates shown indicate the periods in which the crops are planted and harvested in most years. They do not account for exceptionally early or late dates of scattered planting and harvesting, nor abnormal seasons caused by climatic or economic conditions. Beginning dates indicate when planting or harvesting is about 5 percent complete and ending dates when operations are about 95 percent complete.

The "usual planting dates" are the times when crops are usually planted in the fields. For transplanted crops, such as tobacco, the planting period refers to the time of setting plants in the field.

The "harvest dates" refer to the periods during which harvest of the crop actually occurs. They do not extend through the subsequent period in which some commodities are stored in the field after harvest.


Barley

Nearly 7 million acres of barley were harvested in the United States (U.S.) during 1996. After reaching a peak of over 16 million acres in 1942, harvested acreage has declined to the same level as was harvested during the first decade of this century. Yields, however, have been steadily increasing, with a record high average yield of 62.5 bushels per acre recorded in 1992. North Dakota continued to be the largest barley-producing State, harvesting 27 percent (%) of the total U.S. production. North Dakota, along with Idaho and Montana--the second and third ranking States--accounted for nearly two-thirds of the 1996 barley production. Only minor acreages are grown in the Eastern and Southern States. Most barley is fed to livestock, the remainder of the crop is used for malting.


Barley, Spring: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AK
CA 1/
CO
ID
KS 2/
MI
MN
MT
NE
NV 1/
ND
OR
SD
UT
WA
WI
WY
6 .9
200
92
730

25
520
1,200
17
5
2,600
150
145
100
440
75
120
May 5
Feb 20
Mar 15
Mar 24
Mar 1
Apr 15
Apr 16
Apr 7
Mar 20
Apr 5
Apr 21
Sep 1
Apr 6
Mar 20
Mar 1
Apr 5
Mar 15
May 10 - May 25
Mar 1 - May 1
Apr 5 - May 5
Apr 7 - May 5
Mar 5 - Apr 1
Apr 25 - May 8
Apr 26 - May 27
Apr 21 - May 14
Mar 25 - Apr 10
Apr 15 - May 15
May 2 - May 15
Mar 30 - May 15
Apr 17 - May 5
Apr 1 - Apr 20
Apr 1 - Apr 30
Apr 10 - May 10
Mar 28 - Apr 28
Jun 5
May 15
May 15
May 26
May 1
May 21
Jun 5
Jun 1
Apr 18
May 20
May 26
May 15
May 20
May 10
May 20
May 15
May 28
Aug 20
Aug 15
Jul 10
Jul 28
Jun 10
Jul 26
Jul 26
Aug 4
Jul 18
Jul 20
Jul 30
Jul 5
Jul 12
Jul 15
Jul 15
Jul 15
Jul 29
Sep 1 - Sep 25
Sep 1 - Sep 20
Jul 25 - Sep 5
Aug 11 - Sep 8
Jun 25 - Jul 1
Aug 3 - Aug 19
Aug 8 - Sep 7
Aug 15 - Sep 6
Jul 20 - Jul 25
Jul 25 - Aug 25
Aug 8 - Aug 23
Aug 5 - Aug 25
Jul 23 - Aug 8
Jul 25 - Aug 15
Aug 1 - Aug 30
Jul 25 - Aug 20
Aug 8 - Aug 31
Oct 5
Oct 1
Sep 20
Sep 29
Jul 10
Aug 31
Sep 24
Sep 28
Jul 30
Sep 5
Sep 6
Sep 1
Aug 20
Sep 1
Sep 15
Sep 1
Sep 21
1/ Not published by season, "All Barley" acres included.
2/ Not published by planting season. An "All Barley" acreage estimate is published in the Barley, Fall table.

Barley, Fall: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AZ
CA 1/
DE
KS 2/
KY
MD
NV 1/
NJ
NC
OK
PA
SC
TX
VA
54

23
11
20
49

3
20
3
75
4
11
75
Nov 10
Sep 15
Sep 27
Sep 15
Sep 25
Sep 17
Sep 5
Sep 14
Sep 25
Sep 12
Aug 25
Oct 7
Sep 10
Sep 10
Dec 1 - Dec 30
Oct 1 - Apr 15
Oct 9 - Oct 27
Oct 1 - Oct 15
Oct 1- Oct 15
Oct 1 - Oct 21
Sep 15 - Oct 10
Oct 1 - Oct 14
Oct 15 - Nov 10
Oct 3 - Oct 29
Sep 15 - Oct 15
Oct 20 - Nov 20
Oct 1 - Nov 15
Oct 5 - Oct 30
Feb 1
Apr 30
Nov 10
Nov 1
Oct 20
Nov 7
Oct 20
Oct 21
Dec 1
Nov 21
Oct 25
Dec 15
Dec 1
Nov 25
May 15
May 15
Jun 5
Jun 20
Jun 1
Jun 12
Jul 10
Jun 7
May 25
Jun 6
Jun 20
May 25
May 20
May 30
May 30 - Jun 15
Jun 1 - Jul 15
Jun 12 - Jun 28
Jun 15 - Jul 1
Jun 5- Jun 15
Jun 16 - Jun 28
Jul 15 - Aug 15
Jun 21 - Jul 10
Jun 9 - Jun 30
Jun 17 - Jun 30
Jun 25 - Jul 20
Jun 5 - Jun 24
Jun 5 - Jun 20
Jun 10 - Jun 25
Jul 1
Aug 15
Jul 3
Jul 5
Jun 25
Jul 8
Aug 25
Jun 14
Jul 25
Jul 10
Aug 10
Jul 18
Jul 1
Jul 15
1/ Not published by planting season. An "All Barley" acreage estimate is published with Barley, Spring table.
2/ Not published by season, "All Barley" acres included.


Corn

Corn was the leading U.S. crop in 1996, both in terms of value of production and acreage grown. Over 73 million acres of corn were harvested for grain. The acreage for grain comprised 92% of all corn planted. More than 80% of the corn-for-grain acreage lies in the Corn Belt States, with Iowa leading all States and Illinois ranking second. The largest acreage of record, 111 million acres, was harvested in 1917. Acreage decreased from the turn of the century, with the exception of wartime plantings, until the late-1960's. Since then, harvested acreage levels have generally ranged between 60-75 million acres.

The 1996 National grain yield was 127.1 bushels per acre the third highest yield on record. Yields have generally increased since the turn of the century, with more rapid increases occurring in more recent years. The highest corn yield on record, 138.6 bushels per acre, occurred in 1994. Corn grain production generally increased through the late-1980's. Erratic weather caused production to fluctuate significantly in the 1990's. In 1996, 9.3 billion bushels of corn were produced in the Nation, compared with 7.4 billion bushels in 1995 and the record 10.1 billion bushels in 1994.


Corn for Grain: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AL
AZ
AR
CA
CO
DE
FL
GA
ID
IL
IN
IA
KS
KY
LA
MD
MI
MN
MS
MO
MT
NE
NJ
NM
NY
NC
ND
OH
OK
OR
PA
SC
SD
TN
TX
UT
VA
WA
WV
WI
WY
280
40
230
220
940
150
112
525
40
10,800
5,450
12,450
2,350
1,200
523
465
2,300
6,950
605
2,650
15
8,300
94
84
630
900
720
2,750
170
33
1070
380
3,700
680
1,800
21
310
120
40
3,000
50
Mar 5
Mar 15
Apr 3
Mar 15
Apr 15
Apr 19
Mar 1
Mar 1
Apr 21
Apr 22
Apr 25
Apr 22
Apr 10
Apr 12
Mar 10
Apr 20
May 1
Apr 24
Mar 27
Apr 5
Apr 19
Apr 21
May 7
Apr 15
Apr 25
Apr 1
May 3
Apr 22
Mar 25
Apr 20
Apr 30
Mar 10
May 1
Apr 5
Feb 28
Apr 15
Apr 5
Apr 15
Apr 25
Apr 25
Apr 22
Mar 25 - Apr 25
Apr 1 - May 15
Apr 10 - May 18
Apr 1 - Jul 1
May 1 - May 15
Apr 30 - May 16
Mar 15 - Apr 15
Mar 20 - Apr 15
May 5 - May 26
Apr 30 - May 18
May 5 - May 20
May 2 - May 16
Apr 25 - May 15
Apr 21 - May 18
Mar 19 - Apr 4
Apr 30 - May 20
May 10 - May 21
May 3 - May 22
Mar 31 - Apr 28
Apr 20 - May 25
May 1 - May 25
May 3 - May 19
May 28 - Jun 20
Apr 20 - May 10
May 5 - May 25
Apr 10 - Apr 25
May 13 - May 26
May 1 - May 30
Apr 18 - May 4
May 20 - Jun 1
May 10 - May 25
Mar 20 - Apr 20
May 9 - May 25
Apr 15 - May 1
Mar 20 - Apr 29
Apr 30 - May 20
Apr 20 - May 20
May 1 - May 20
May 1 - Jun 1
May 1 - Jun 5
May 3 - May 21
May 18
Jun 1
May 25
Jul 15
Jun 1
May 28
Apr 25
May 5
Jun 9
May 28
Jun 10
Jun 3
May 25
Jun 8
Apr 28
Jun 7
May 31
Jun 8
Jun 11
Jun 10
Jun 8
Jun 1
Jun 28
May 20
Jun 5
May 20
Jun 5
Jun 12
May 15
Jun 15
Jun 15
May 15
Jun 11
Jun 1
May 15
Jun 5
Jun 5
Jun 5
Jun 15
Jun 10
Jun 10
Jul 21
Sep 1
Aug 16
Sep 1
Oct 1
Sep 10
Jul 15
Jul 25
Sep 29
Sep 24
Sep 20
Sep 17
Sep 5
Sep 8
Jul 29
Sep 9
Oct 3
Sep 29
Aug 12
Sep 1
Sep 15
Sep 21
Oct 1
Sep 25
Oct 10
Aug 20
Sep 29
Sep 25
Aug 25
Oct 10
Sep 25
Jul 25
Sep 24
Sep 1
Jul 16
Sep 25
Aug 25
Oct 5
Sep 10
Oct 1
Sep 24
Aug 11 - Sep 20
Oct 1 - Nov 1
Aug 27 - Sep 18
Oct 1 - Nov 15
Oct 15 - Nov 10
Sep 20 - Oct 15
Aug 1 - Sept 10
Aug 15 - Sep 5
Oct 20 - Nov 10
Oct 9 - Nov 3
Oct 10 - Nov 25
Oct 7 - Oct 31
Sep 20 - Oct 20
Sep 22 - Oct 20
Aug 13 - Sep 1
Sep 22 - Oct 22
Oct 23 - Nov 17
Oct 15 - Nov 12
Sep 1 - Oct 6
Sep 20 - Oct 30
Sep 20 - Oct 5
Oct 11 - Nov 6
Oct 30 - Nov 10
Oct 1 - Oct 30
Oct 20 - Nov 20
Sep 10 - Oct 7
Oct 10 - Oct 27
Oct 15 - Nov 14
Sep 8 - Oct 1
Nov 1 - Nov 20
Oct 15 - Nov 20
Aug 20 - Sep 25
Oct 10 - Nov 6
Sep 20 - Oct 15
Aug 6 - Sep 24
Oct 10 - Oct 30
Sep 5 - Oct 25
Oct 20 - Nov 20
Sep 20 - Oct 25
Oct 15 - Nov 15
Oct 11 - Nov 9
Nov 2
Dec 1
Oct 11
Dec 1
Dec 1
Nov 5
Oct 1
Oct 10
Nov 24
Nov 19
Dec 10
Nov 17
Nov 10
Nov 15
Sep 16
Nov 17
Dec 3
Nov 28
Oct 22
Dec 1
Oct 15
Dec 1
Nov 28
Nov 20
Dec 1
Nov 7
Nov 9
Nov 25
Oct 20
Dec 15
Dec 10
Oct 10
Nov 30
Nov 10
Nov 1
Dec 10
Nov 20
Dec 1
Nov 25
Nov 30
Dec 5


Cotton

Cotton is grown in the southern United States, mostly south of the 36th parallel, with concentrations in the Texas high plains, the irrigated valleys of Arizona and California, and the Mississippi Delta. In recent years, Georgia and North Carolina have experienced large increases in cotton acreage. Unlike in the tropics where cotton is grown as a perennial, U. S. cotton is grown as an annual from seed planted each year. Most U. S. cotton is Upland cotton, which usually has a staple length of 1 to 1 1/4 inches. Some extra-long staple American Pima cotton, which has a staple length of 1 1/2 inches or longer, is grown in California, Arizona, New Mexico and Texas.

Cotton acreage increased until 1925, when nearly 46 million acres were planted, then generally declined until the 1960's. Since then, acreage has ranged between 9 and 15 million acres. In recent years, acreage has been on an upswing with growers planting 15 million acres in 1996. Cotton yields have trended upward with a record high yield of 709 pounds per acre of cotton harvested in 1996. With the increases in yield, cotton production has reached the same levels that were produced in the 1920's and 1930's when acreage was at its peak. A record cotton production was set in 1994, surpassing the previous highest producing years of 1937 and 1926.


Cotton: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AL
AZ
AR
CA
FL
GA
LA
MS
MO
NM
NC
OK
SC
TN
TX
VA
520
315
1,000
1,000
99
1,340
890
1,120
390
59
721
290
284
540
5,700
103
Apr 12
Mar 15
Apr 24
Apr 1
Apr 1
Apr 20
Apr 17
Apr 14
Apr 25
Apr 10
Apr 21
May 6
Apr 24
Apr 25
Mar 10
Apr 10
Apr 24 - May 24
Apr 1 - Apr 30
May 1 - May 24
Apr 15 - Apr 30
Apr 15 - May 15
Apr 25 - May 25
Apr 26 - May 16
Apr 28 - May 28
May 5 - May 20
Apr 20 - May 10
May 1 - May 20
May 20 - Jun 12
May 1 - May 20
May 5 - May 20
May 5 - Jun 6
Apr 20 - May 10
Jun 6
May 15
May 31
May 15
Jun 15
Jun 5
Jun 2
Jun 9
Jun 1
May 20
Jun 8
Jun 29
Jun 1
Jun 5
Jun 30
May 20
Sep 22
Sep 15
Sep 22
Oct 1
Sep 15
Sep 20
Sep 15
Sep 15
Sep 20
Oct 10
Sep 27
Oct 11
Sep 23
Sep 20
Aug 10
Sep 30
Sep 20 - Oct 20
Oct 10 - Nov 10
Oct 6 - Oct 30
Oct 15 - Nov 1
Oct 1 - Nov 1
Oct 5 - Nov 15
Sep 28 - Oct 20
Oct 6 - Nov 3
Oct 5 - Oct 30
Oct 25 - Nov 30
Oct 7 - Nov 15
Nov 4 - Nov 29
Oct 15 - Nov 13
Oct 5 - Nov 1
Oct 1 - Dec 2
Oct 25 - Nov 25
Dec 15
Dec 25
Nov 24
Nov 15
Dec 1
Dec 15
Nov 13
Nov 17
Nov 20
Dec 20
Dec 15
Dec 15
Dec 5
Nov 25
Dec 28
Dec 10


Alfalfa Hay

Alfalfa hay, which includes alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures, comprised 40% of the total acreage harvested for hay in 1996. Alfalfa is common in all regions except the Southeast, where the humid climate and sandy soils do not favor production. In most areas, the crop is harvested two or three times a year.

There were over 24 million acres of alfalfa hay harvested in the United States during 1996. California was the leading alfalfa hay producing State, harvesting 6.6 million tons from 940,000 acres in 1996. However, California does not publish county estimates for hay and are not represented on the maps below. The 1996 alfalfa hay yield of 3.27 tons per acre was down from the record yield of 3.45 tons per acre set in 1995. Alfalfa hay production increased steadily until the 1980's, when record production of nearly 92 million tons was set in 1986. Production has since declined slightly. Growers harvested over 79 million tons in 1996.

Other Hay

In those States which estimate Alfalfa hay, Other hay includes all crops harvested for hay except alfalfa and alfalfa mixtures. Other hay includes alfalfa in Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and South Carolina. Crops grown for hay include clover-timothy mixtures, bermuda grass, wild grasses (prairie hay), and small grains among others. There were nearly 37 million acres of Other hay harvested in 1996. Texas, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Kansas lead the Nation in Other hay production during 1996.


Hay, Alfalfa: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AZ
CA
CO
DE
ID
IL
IN
IA
KS
KY
MD
MI
MN
MO
MT
NE
NV
NJ
NM
NY
NC
ND
OH
OK
OR
PA
SD
TN
TX
UT
VA
WA
WV
WI
WY
160
940
860
7
1,000
600
425
1,200
800
300
60
1,050
1,475
480
1,700
1,400
240
25
255
640
15
1,700
700
390
460
750
2,500
40
150
545
130
490
40
2,100
620



Feb 15
Mar 1
May 25
May 13
May 22
May 13
May 15
May 26
May 10
May 5
May 12
May 31
May 31
May 15
Jun 13
May 10
May 20
May 14
May 1
May 25
Apr 30
Jun 12
May 20
Apr 23
May 5
May 15
Jun 1
May 1
Apr 15
Jun 1
May 1
May 15
May 25
Jun 1
Jun 11

May 15 - Sep 1

Jun 15 - Sep 11

Jun 13 - Aug 19

Jun 1 - Sep 5

Dec 1
Nov 5
Oct 15
Nov 19
Oct 20
Sep 25
Sep 20
Sep 27
Oct 10
Sep 15
Nov 30
Oct 14
Sep 30
Sep 15
Sep 24
Oct 5
Oct 15
Oct 15
Oct 20
Nov 1
Nov 17
Sep 6
Sep 30
Oct 13
Sep 20
Nov 15
Sep 1
Oct 1
Sep 20
Oct 25
Oct 20
Oct 1
Sep 25
Sep 30
Oct 1

Hay, Other: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AL
AK
AZ
CA
CO
CT
DE
FL
GA
ID
IL
IN
KS
KY
LA
ME
MD
MA
MN
MS
MO
MT
NE
NV
NH
NJ
NM
NY
NC
ND
OH
OK
OR
PA
RI
SC
SD
TN
TX
UT
VT
VA
WA
WV
WI
WY
730
20 .2
19
510
580
65
8
240
600
280
400
300
1,700
2,100
310
175
160
80
750
800
3,200
900
1,850
250
55
95
100
870
525
1,200
500
2,300
610
1,130
6
280
1,800
1,750
4,200
160
185
1,150
310
530
400
600



May 10
Jun 15
Feb 15
May 15
Jun 25
May 20
May 10
May 10
May 1
Jun 1
May 20
Jun 10
May 25
May 15
Apr 26
May 30
May 10
May 20
Jun 5
May 10
May 20
Jun 15
Jun 5
Jun 15
May 25
Jun 7
May 1
May 25
Apr 30
Jun 18
May 23
Apr 23
Jun 5
May 30
May 20
May 15
Jun 15
May 1
May 1
Jul 10
May 30
May 25
May 15
Jun 1
Jun 10
Jun 19
Jun 20 - Jul 20
Jul 1 - Sep 1

Jun 1 - Jul 30

Jun 1 - Sep 1

Jun 29 - Aug 18

Jun 1 - Aug 20

Oct 15
Oct 10
Dec 1
Oct 1
Sep 25
Oct 30
Nov 8
Nov 20
Oct 15
Sep 10
Jul 15
Aug 20
Sep 10
Oct 10
Oct 22
Oct 20
Nov 19
Oct 30
Aug 30
Oct 20
Sep 10
Sep 1
Sep 20
Sep 15
Oct 25
Oct 15
Oct 20
Oct 15
Nov 17
Aug 26
Oct 4
Aug 20
Sep 1
Sep 25
Oct 30
Nov 13
Sep 1
Oct 1
Sep 30
Aug 25
Oct 20
Oct 1
Sep 15
Oct 10
Sep 30
Sep 2

Oats

Production and acreage of oats have declined steadily since 1945 when a record of 1.5 billion bushels were produced on 42 million acres. In 1996, only 155 million bushels were harvested from 2.7 million acres. This was the lowest production and acreage since records were first kept in 1866. Over half of the grain crop is grown in South Dakota, North Dakota, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Iowa. The crop is grown less extensively throughout the Corn Belt, Great Lakes States, and the Plains. Relatively few oats are produced in the Southern and Western States. About half of the planted acreage is harvested for grain and the other half is harvested for hay.


Oats, Spring: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AK
CA 1/
CO
ID
IL
IN
IA
KS
ME
MI
MN
MO
MT
NE
NY
ND
OH
OR 2/
PA
SD
UT
WA
WV
WI
WY
.7

35
25
70
25
190
80
28
60
270
29
50
105
75
380
90
35
135
360
9
14
3
300
32
May 5
Feb 20
Mar 15
Mar 31
Mar 25
Apr 1
Mar 24
Feb 20
May 7
Apr 15
Apr 10
Mar 1
Apr 10
Mar 24
Apr 1
Apr 22
Apr 3
Sep 15
Apr 15
Apr 4
Mar 20
Mar 5
Apr 1
Apr 1
Mar 28
May 15 - Jun 1
Mar 1 - May 15
Apr 5 - May 5
Apr 14 - May 19
Apr 8 - Apr 23
Apr 5 - Apr 25
Apr 4 - Apr 23
Mar 5 - Apr 1
May 14 - May 26
Apr 25 - May 8
Apr 25 - May 14
Mar 15 - Apr 20
Apr 26 - May 18
Apr 2 -Apr 27
Apr 10 - Apr 30
May 2 - May 17
Apr 15 - May 10
Mar 15 - Apr 15
Apr 15 - May 10
Apr 15 - May 4
Apr 10 - May 5
Mar 10 - Apr 10
Apr 10 - May 10
Apr 10 - May 20
Apr 15 - May 14
Jun 5
May 30
May 25
Jun 2
May 8
May 10
May 17
Apr 15
Jun 9
May 21
May 26
Apr 30
Jun 3
May 9
May 15
May 28
May 24
Apr 15
May 25
May 21
Jun 1
Apr 20
Jun 1
May 25
Jun 1
Sep 1
Aug 15
Jul 10
Jul 21
Jul 14
Jul 10
Jul 3
Jul 10
Aug 10
Jul 26
Jul 24
Jun 20
Aug 6
Jul 4
Aug 1
Aug 2
Jul 16
Jul 10
Jul 20
Jul 10
Jul 25
Jul 15
Jul 1
Jul 20
Jul 29
Sep 10 - Sep 30
Sep 1 - Sep 20
Jul 25 - Sep 5
Aug 11 - Sep 8
Jul 24 - Aug 3
Jul 15 - Aug 5
Jul 15 - Jul 29
Jul 15 - Aug 1
Aug 23 - Sep 15
Aug 3 - Aug 19
Aug 1 - Aug 26
Jul 1 - Jul 25
Aug 16 - Sep 6
Jul 15 - Aug 2
Aug 5 - Aug 25
Aug 11 - Aug 27
Jul 26 - Aug 12
Aug 10 - Aug 20
Jul 25 - Aug 20
Jul 21 - Aug 7
Aug 15 - Sep 10
Aug 1 - Aug 30
Jul 20 - Aug 15
Jul 30 - Aug 25
Aug 15 - Sep 10
Oct 10
Oct 1
Sep 30
Sep 29
Aug 11
Aug 10
Aug 9
Aug 10
Oct 10
Aug 31
Sep 10
Aug 1
Sep 26
Aug 12
Sep 10
Sep 10
Aug 22
Sep 1
Aug 30
Aug 20
Sep 30
Sep 10
Sep 1
Sep 5
Sep 26
1/ Not published by planting season. An "All Oat" acreage estimate is published in the Oat, Fall table.
2/ Estimate not published by season, "All Oat" acres included.

Oats, Fall: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State

State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AR
CA 1/
GA
NC
OK
SC
TX
18
30
35
20
18
30
100
Oct 2
Sep 15
Sep 20
Sep 15
Sep 12
Sep 23
Sep 10
Oct 21 - Nov 21
Oct 1 - Mar 1
Oct 5 - Nov 20
Oct 15 - Nov 24
Oct 1 - Nov 1
Oct 15 - Nov 20
Sep 29 - Nov 14
Nov 26
Mar 15
Dec 10
Dec 10
Nov 30
Dec 15
Dec 21
Jun 8
Jun 15
May 20
May 28
Jun 6
May 25
May 18
Jun 15 - Jun 25
Jul 15 - Sep 1
Jun 1 - Jun 20
Jun 9 - Jul 3
Jun 17 - Jul 2
Jun 3 - Jun 20
Jun 5 - Jul 5
Jul 5
Sep 1
Jun 25
Jul 20
Jul 12
Jul 3
Jul 25
1/ Estimate not published by season, "All Oat" acres included.


Peanuts

Peanut production is confined mostly to the South. There are three main producing areas: the Virginia-Carolina area, where Virginia type peanuts predominate; the Southeast where the crop is mainly Runners and Virginia types; and the Southwest, where the acreage is planted to Runner and Spanish types of peanuts. Valencias, a roasting type, account for about 1 percent of U.S. production and are grown mainly in New Mexico and Texas.

The leading producing peanut States in 1996 were Georgia, Texas, Alabama, and North Carolina. A total of 1.4 million acres of peanuts were planted in 1996. Planted acreage peaked at over 5 million acres during World War II, but then fell below 2 million acres in 1952. Farmers have planted between 1.5-2.0 million since the early 1950's. Yields and production improved steadily from the 1950's until 1980, but have leveled off since. In 1996, yield averaged 2,619 pounds per acre.


Peanuts: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AL
FL
GA
NM
NC
OK
SC
TX
VA
191
82
533
16 .5
125
81
10 .5
265
76
Apr 16
Apr 1
Apr 15
May 10
Apr 28
May 7
Apr 20
May 7
Apr 20
Apr 25 - May 25
Apr 15 - May 1
Apr 25 - May 20
May 15 - May 25
May 8 - May 28
May 19 - Jun 14
Apr 25 - May 15
May 29 - Jun 31
May 5 - May 20
Jun 6
May 15
Jun 10
Jun 1
Jun 2
Jun 29
Jun 5
Jul 18
May 25
Sep 4
Aug 15
Sep 5
Oct 1
Sep 24
Sep 29
Sep 8
Sep 7
Sep 15
Sep 22 - Oct 22
Sep 15 - Oct 15
Sep 10 - Oct 15
Oct 10 - Oct 30
Oct 8 - Oct 29
Oct 14 - Nov 8
Oct 2 - Nov 1
Oct 10 - Nov 22
Oct 5 - Oct 25
Nov 1
Nov 15
Nov 1
Nov 10
Nov 14
Nov 28
Nov 10
Dec 20
Nov 5

Rice

U.S. rice production is mainly confined to three areas: the coastal prairie region of the southwestern Louisiana and southeastern Texas; eastern Arkansas, southeastern Missouri, and northwestern Mississippi; and the central valleys of California (particularly the Sacramento Valley). The 1996 rice acreage covered just over 2.8 million acres. Rice plantings have steadily increased since the late 1800's. The peak planting year came in 1981 when over 3.8 million acres were planted. Yield and production have also steadily increased during this century. In 1996, a record 6,121 pounds of rice were harvested per acre, for a total production of over 171 million cwt. The record production, of 198 million cwt, occurred in 1994.


Rice: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AR
CA
LA
MS
MO
TX
1,170
500
533
208
90
298
Apr 7
May 1
Mar 20
Apr 2
Apr 15
Mar 22
Apr 18 - May 18
May 10 - May 25
Apr 3 - May 2
Apr 23 - May 28
May 1 - May 25
Apr 5 - May 4
Jun 2
Jun 5
Jun 2
Jun 9
Jun 10
May 26
Aug 26
Sep 15
Jul 22
Aug 25
Sep 10
Jul 22
Sep 3 - Oct 4
Oct 1 - Oct 15
Aug 8 - Sep 6
Sep 10 - Oct 6
Sep 25 - Oct 25
Aug 10 - Sep 11
Oct 25
Nov 1
Oct 8
Oct 27
Nov 1
Oct 15

Rye

Rye was planted on 1.5 million acres in 1996, the lowest acreage on record since 1866. Acreage, except for peaking during the two World Wars, has gradually declined during the past 100 years. A large portion of the rye acreage is used as a winter cover crop, pastured, and then plowed under as green manure. Only 24% of 1996 plantings were harvested for grain. Rye intended for grain is usually planted in the fall and harvested during the late spring or early summer months. Most rye is produced in the northern Plains and southern Plains. With the exception of Georgia, only minor acreages of rye are grown in the East and South.


Rye: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
GA
IN
KS
MD
MN
NE
NJ
NY
NC
ND
OH
OK
PA
SC
SD
TX
VA
WI
70
2
5
2
20
22
3
8
20
16
3
60
6
20
36
10
10
12
Sep 20
Sep 10
Sep 1
Sep 19
Aug 23
Aug 30
Sep 1
Sep 1
Sep 20
Sep 7
Sep 10
Sep 5
Aug 30
Sep 23
Aug 30
Sep 1
Aug 20
Aug 15
Oct 5 - Nov 10
Sep 20- Oct 15
Sep 10 - Sep 20
Oct 3 - Nov 1
Sep 2 - Sep 27
Sep 12 - Sep 26
Oct 14 - Nov 14
Sep 10 - Oct 10
Oct 7 - Nov 5
Sep 14 - Sep 21
Sep 15 - Oct 14
Sep 5 - Oct 15
Sep 15 - Oct 15
Oct 10 - Nov 20
Sep 9 - Sep 24
Sep 25 - Oct 20
Aug 25 - Nov 20
Sep 10 - Sep 30
Dec 5
Oct 30
Oct 1
Nov 17
Oct 9
Oct 6
Nov 14
Oct 25
Dec 5
Sep 30
Oct 20
Oct 15
Oct 30
Dec 13
Oct 7
Nov 15
Nov 30
Oct 1
May 10
Jun 20
Jun 10
Jun 14
Jul 15
Jun 30
Jul 7
Jul 5
May 28
Jul 10
Jun 25
Jun 10
Jul 5
May 23
Jul 9
May 15
Jun 5
Jul 5
May 25 - Jun 20
Jun 30 - Jul 20
Jun 15 - Jun 25
Jun 25 - Jul 14
Jul 28 - Aug 20
Jul 12 - Jul 30
Jul 21 - Aug 1
Jul 10 - Jul 15
Jun 5 - Jul 7
Jul 14 - Jul 24
Jul 1 - Jul 15
Jun 10 - Jun 15
Jul 10 - Jul 30
Jun 8 - Jun 28
Jul 20 - Aug 4
Jun 5 - Jun 20
Jun 10 - Jun 25
Jul 15 - Aug 5
Jun 25
Jul 25
Jul 5
Jul 25
Aug 29
Aug 8
Aug 7
Jul 20
Jul 28
Aug 1
Jul 20
Jun 15
Aug 10
Jul 10
Aug 15
Jul 1
Jul 5
Aug 10

Sorghum

Most grain sorghum is grown in the central and southern Plains States, where it is well adopted to heat and tolerant to limited moisture conditions. Of the 11.9 million acres of sorghum harvested for grain in 1996, 79% was grown in Kansas, Texas, and Nebraska. Grain sorghum is used primarily as a livestock feed. Planted area generally ranged between 15 and 20 million acres until the late 1980's, when acreage dropped to the 10 to 15 million range. The majority of the sorghum acreage not harvested for grain, is harvested for silage. Sorghum grain yields increased steadily from the late 1950's until 1990. Erratic weather in the 1990's has caused wide yield changes from year to year. The 1996 yield, of 67.5 bushels per acre, compares with 55.6 bushels per acre in 1995 and 72.8 bushels per acre in 1994.


Sorghum for Grain: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AL
AR
CO
GA
IL
KS
KY
LA
MS
MO
NE
NM
NC
OK
SC
SD
TN
TX
10
220
260
40
220
4,600
23
153
72
580
1,030
225
10
490
5
145
18
3,800
Apr 1
Apr 6
May 10
Apr 15
May 20
May 10
May 10
Mar 31
Apr 2
Apr 25
May 11
May 10
May 5
Apr 30
Apr 25
May 14
Apr 15
Mar 3
May 1 - May 30
Apr 21 - May 23
Jun 1 - Jun 20
Apr 30 - Jun 5
Jun 2 - Jun 21
May 25 - Jun 20
May 15 - Jun 25
Apr 20 - May 22
Apr 14 - May 28
May 15 - Jun 15
May 20 - Jun 8
May 20 - Jun 15
May 25 - Jun 16
May 27 - Jun 17
May 25 - Jun 30
May 26 - Jun 14
May 10 - Jun 5
Mar 22 - May 23
Jul 1
Jun 9
Jul 1
Jul 5
Jun 30
Jul 5
Jul 1
Jun 23
Jun 23
Jul 1
Jun 19
Jul 1
Jul 14
Jul 5
Jul 25
Jul 2
Jun 25
Jul 5
Sep 1
Aug 24
Sep 25
Aug 20
Sep 27
Sep 15
Sep 25
Aug 12
Aug 18
Sep 10
Sep 19
Oct 15
Aug 14
Sep 21
Jul 28
Sep 22
Sep 1
Jul 5
Oct 1 - Oct 30
Sep 3 - Sep 29
Oct 10 - Nov 15
Sep 10 - Oct 15
Oct 15 - Nov 3
Oct 10 - Nov 5
Oct 10 - Nov 10
Aug 25 - Sep 19
Aug 18 - Oct 6
Sep 25 - Oct 30
Oct 8 - Oct 30
Oct 20 - Nov 15
Oct 1 - Oct 22
Oct 23 - Nov 17
Sep 3 - Nov 6
Oct 6 - Oct 29
Sep 15 - Oct 10
Jul 19 - Oct 10
Dec 15
Oct 24
Nov 25
Nov 25
Nov 17
Nov 30
Nov 15
Oct 10
Oct 20
Nov 25
Nov 17
Dec 15
Nov 26
Dec 6
Dec 7
Nov 16
Nov 1
Nov 26


Soybeans

Soybeans are grown primarily for beans which are processed into oil and meal. The main soybean producing area is in the Corn Belt and the lower Mississippi Valley. The three top producing States in 1996 - Iowa, Illinois, and Minnesota - accounted for 44% of the total U.S. production. Over 64 million acres of soybeans were planted in 1996. Planted area increased rapidly until 1979, when a record 71.4 million acres were planted. Acreage declined during the 1980's, but has rebounded in the 1990's. The 1996 yield, of 37.6 bushels per acre, was the second highest yield since records were first kept in 1924. The record yield, of 41.4 bushels per acre, was set in 1994.


Soybeans: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AL
AR
DE
FL
GA
IL
IN
IA
KS
KY
LA
MD
MI
MN
MS
MO
NE
NJ
NC
ND
OH
OK
PA
SC
SD
TN
TX
VA
WI
315
3,500
217
33
390
9,850
5,360
9,450
2,000
1,180
1,080
480
1,640
5,900
1,750
4,050
3,010
119
1,200
845
4,490
285
285
540
2,670
1,150
270
480
870
Apr 30
May 4
May 18
May 1
May 5
May 6
May 5
May 4
May 10
May 10
May 5
May 11
May 8
May 6
Apr 10
May 5
May 9
May 30
May 1
May 12
May 5
Apr 20
May 10
May 10
May 10
May 10
Apr 16
Apr 30
May 5
May 25 - Jun 25
May 25 - Jun 20
May 30 - Jun 28
May 15 - Jun 15
May 25 - Jun 20
May 15 - Jun 9
May 15 - Jun 5
May 14 - Jun 2
May 25 - Jun 20
May 25 - Jun 25
May 18 - Jun 15
May 28 - Jun 26
May 18 - Jun 3
May 16 - Jun 3
Apr 25 - May 25
May 15 - Jul 1
May 18 - Jun 4
Jun 14 - Jul 14
May 20 - Jun 30
May 19 - May 29
May 10 - Jun 7
May 18 - Jun 22
May 20 - Jun 10
May 27 - Jun 27
May 20 - Jun 6
May 30 - Jun 25
May 3 - Jun 14
May 20 - Jun 30
May 15 - Jun 20
Jul 3
Jul 7
Jul 11
Jul 1
Jul 5
Jun 16
Jun 20
Jun 17
Jul 5
Jul 5
Jul 5
Jul 16
Jun 15
Jun 23
Jul 1
Jul 10
Jun 17
Jul 14
Jul 18
Jun 6
Jun 23
Jul 9
Jul 5
Jul 11
Jun 26
Jul 10
Jul 16
Jul 10
Jun 30
Sep 28
Sep 25
Oct 5
Oct 1
Oct 1
Sep 23
Sep 25
Sep 21
Sep 20
Oct 1
Sep 15
Oct 5
Sep 30
Sep 25
Aug 15
Sep 25
Sep 19
Oct 1
Oct 10
Sep 16
Sep 21
Sep 17
Oct 5
Oct 20
Sep 21
Oct 5
Aug 13
Oct 5
Oct 1
Oct 28 - Nov 28
Oct 15 - Nov 9
Oct 22 - Nov 14
Oct 15 - Nov 15
Nov 1 - Nov 25
Oct 1 - Oct 19
Sep 30 - Oct 25
Oct 1 - Oct 15
Oct 5 - Oct 25
Oct 18 - Nov 10
Oct 4 - Oct 31
Oct 18 - Nov 15
Oct 12 - Oct 28
Oct 4 - Oct 21
Sep 15 - Oct 20
Oct 10 - Oct 30
Sep 30 - Oct 15
Oct 21 - Nov 10
Nov 12 - Dec 3
Sep 26 - Oct 11
Oct 1 - Oct 22
Oct 14 - Nov 17
Oct 20 - Nov 10
Nov 10 - Dec 10
Oct 1 - Oct 23
Oct 20 - Nov 15
Sep 10 - Nov 1
Oct 25 - Nov 25
Oct 15 - Nov 1
Dec 8
Nov 29
Nov 25
Nov 25
Dec 15
Nov 3
Nov 5
Oct 27
Nov 15
Nov 18
Nov 20
Dec 1
Nov 7
Oct 30
Dec 3
Nov 25
Oct 27
Nov 30
Dec 20
Oct 22
Nov 10
Dec 9
Nov 30
Dec 30
Nov 5
Dec 5
Dec 3
Dec 10
Nov 10


Sugarbeets

Almost all U.S. sugarbeets are grown under irrigation in the western half of the country and in the more humid areas of the North Central States. Sugarbeets require plentiful, well-distributed moisture and extended moderately cool weather during the growing season. In 1996, Minnesota lead the U.S. in sugarbeet production, followed by Idaho and North Dakota. Most beets are seeded from March to May and harvested from September to December, with peak harvest in October. However, in California, some beets are over-wintered and harvested the next spring.

Growers planted a record 1.6 million acres in 1969. Acreage declined during the 1970's and early 1980's, but climbed back up to around 1.4 million acres by 1990, where it has stayed. Just over 1.3 million acres of sugarbeets were planted in 1996. Sugarbeets yielded 20.2 tons per acres in 1996, down from the record yield of 22.1 tons per acre in 1994.


Sugarbeets: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
CA
CO
ID
MI
MN
MT
NE
NM
ND
OH
OR
TX
WA
WY
82 .0
51 .1
184 .0
130 .0
438 .0
57 .5
51 .2
.9
225 .3
4 .6
16 .3
12 .6
13 .0
56 .8
Aug 15
Mar 25
Mar 24
Apr 25
Apr 22
Apr 9
Apr 1
Mar 25
Apr 22
Apr 15
Mar 15
Mar 27
Mar 15
Apr 3
Sep 1 - Oct 15
Apr 10 - Apr 25
Apr 3 - Apr 21
Apr 30 - May 4
Apr 30 - May 20
Apr 19 - May 6
Apr 10 - Apr 30
Apr 5 - Apr 25
Apr 29 - May 10
Apr 20 - May 15
Mar 22 - Mar 30
Apr 8 - Apr 25
Mar 20 - Mar 30
Apr 12 - Apr 29
Oct 30
May 5
May 5
May 13
May 30
May 16
May 5
May 5
May 16
May 30
Mar 30
May 7
Apr 7
May 11
Apr 1
Oct 5
Sep 15
Oct 6
Sep 17
Sep 24
Oct 5
Oct 5
Sep 18
Sep 25
Oct 1
Oct 3
Sep 15
Sep 21
Apr 15 - Aug 1
Oct 15 - Nov 5
Oct 8 - Oct 30
Oct 17 - Oct 29
Oct 3 - Oct 18
Oct 9 - Oct 20
Oct 10 - Oct 30
Oct 20 - Nov 10
Oct 5 - Oct 13
Oct 20 - Nov 10
Oct 10 - Oct 20
Oct 21 - Dec 1
Oct 10 - Oct 20
Oct 8 - Oct 24
Aug 15
Nov 10
Nov 10
Nov 5
Oct 28
Nov 2
Nov 5
Dec 1
Oct 20
Nov 20
Oct 30
Dec 24
Nov 7
Nov 2


Tobacco

U.S. tobacco production is generally confined to areas east of the Mississippi River, with the principal exception being the western area of Missouri. Six major classes are grown: Flue-cured, fire-cured, air-cured (light and dark), cigar filler, cigar binder, and cigar wrapper. Although grown at various latitudes, the crop has little tolerance to frost and freezing temperatures. Tobacco seeds are usually sown during the late winter and early spring in protected beds from which seedlings are pulled and transplanted in the spring. Harvest dates are governed largely by latitude, elevation, seasonal conditions, and the nature of the particular tobacco type. The flue-cured and cigar wrapper types are harvested by priming (picking the leaves as they ripen) while other types are usually stalk cut.

In 1996, North Carolina and Kentucky accounted for 65% of the total U.S. production. Harvested area increased from 1866, when records were first kept, until 1930 when the peak level of over 2 million acres were harvested. Acreage leveled off until the 1950's, but has decreased steadily since. Tobacco growers harvested 1.6 billion pounds of tobacco from 733,920 acres in 1996. Production generally increased steadily from 1866-1966, but has generally decreased since.


Tobacco by Type: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
FL
Type14

7 .5

Mar 1

Mar 1 - Apr 15

Apr 15

Jun 1

Jul 1 - Aug 1

Aug 25
GA Type14
46 .0

Mar 20

Apr 1- Apr 10

Apr 25

Jun 20

Jul 10 - Aug 15

Sep 1
IN     Type31
7 .6

May 20

May 30 - Jun 15

Jun 25

Aug 15

Sep 1 - Sep 30

Oct 10
KY Type22 Type23 Type31 Type35 Type36
3 .8
3 .6
185 .0
2 .1
1 .2

May 12
May 12
May 10
May 12
May 12

May 20 - Jun 8
May 20 - Jun 8
May 23 - Jun 8
May 20 - Jun 8
May 20 - Jun 8

Jun 20
Jun 20
Jun 15
Jun 20
Jun 20

Aug 5
Aug 5
Aug 8
Aug 5
Aug 5

Aug 18 - Sep 10
Aug 18 - Sep 10
Aug 21 - Sep 15
Aug 18 - Sep 10
Aug 18 - Sep 10

Oct 1
Oct 1
Oct 1
Oct 1
Oct 1
MD     Type32
8 .0

May 9

May 25 - Jun 4

Jun 24

Aug 7

Aug 21 - Sep 14

Sep 26
MO Type31
2 .7

May 10

May 15 - May 30

Jun 15

Aug 10

Aug 25 - Sep 15

Sep 25
CT Type51
Type61

1 .2
1 .0

May 23
May 14

Jun 1 - Jun 15
May 20 - May 31

Jun 26
Jun 7

Jul 30
Jul 17

Aug 7 - Aug 24
Jul 30 - Aug 21

Sep 7
Sep 3
MA     Type51
Type61

.4
.4

May 23
May 14

Jun 1 - Jun 15
May 20 - May 31

Jun 26
Jun 7

Jul 30
Jul 17

Aug 7 - Aug 24
Jul 30 - Aug 21

Sep 7
Sep 3
NC
Type11
Type12
Type13
Type31

76 .0
167 .0
37 .0
7 .8

Apr 30
Apr 18
Apr 15
May 13

May 7 - May 25
Apr 30 - May 12
Apr 20 - May 10
May 20 - Jun 7

Jun 5
Jun 2
May 31
Jun 30

Jul 15
Jul 5
Jul 1
Aug 18

Aug 1 - Sep 5
Jul 30 - Aug 30
Jul 21 - Aug 21
Sep 1 - Sep 22

Oct 10
Sep 25
Sep 15
Oct 13
OH Type31
8 .0

Jun 1

Jun 7 - Jun 21

Jul 5

Aug 30

Sep 5 - Sep 20

Oct 5
PA
Type32
Type41

3 .2
4 .6

May 25
May 25

May 30 - Jun 15
May 30 - Jun 15

Jun 25
Jun 25

Aug 10
Aug 10

Aug 20 - Sep 10
Aug 20 - Sep 10

Sep 25
Sep 25
SC
Type13

51 .0

Apr 2

Apr 9 - Apr 30

May 10

Jun 30

Jul 18 - Aug 26

Sep 20
TN
Type22
Type23
Type31
Type35

7 .5
.6
46 .0
.5

May 5
May 5
May 5
May 5

May 15 - Jun 5
May 15 - Jun 5
May 15 - Jun 5
May 15 - Jun 5

Jun 20
Jun 20
Jun 20
Jun 20

Aug 10
Aug 10
Aug 5
Aug 10

Aug 25 - Sep 15
Aug 25 - Sep 15
Aug 25 - Sep 15
Aug 25 - Sep 15

Oct 5
Oct 5
Oct 5
Oct 5
VA
Type11
Type21
Type31
Type37

37 .7
1 .1
9 .5
.1

Apr 30
May 5
May 10
May 10

May 5 - May 20
May 15 - May 30
May 20 - Jun 5
May 15 - May 30

May 30
Jun 10
Jun 25
Jun 10

Jul 15
Aug 5
Aug 25
Aug 10

Aug 15 - Sep 20
Aug 20 - Sep 10
Sep 5 - Sep 25
Aug 20 - Sep 15

Oct 10
Sep 25
Oct 5
Sep 30
WV Type31
1 .7

May 15

May 20 - Jun 15

Jul 1

Aug 15

Aug 20 - Sep 20

Oct 5
WI
Type54
Type55

1 .9
.9

May 15
May 15

Jun 1 - Jun 30
Jun 1 - Jun 30

Jul 5
Jul 5

Aug 15
Aug 15

Aug 25 - Sep 10
Aug 25 - Sep 10

Sep 25
Sep 25

Spring Wheat

The 1996 spring wheat harvest, including both durum and other spring wheat, accounted for 35% of all wheat produced in the United States. Spring wheat is planted in the late spring and harvested late in the summer. Annual rainfall in the northern Great Plains and Northwestern States is relatively limited but well distributed during the summer, thus favoring spring wheat production. Nationwide, 116 million bushels of Durum and 692 million bushels of other spring wheat were grown in 1996. North Dakota growers produced over 79 million bushels of durum and over 313 million bushels of other spring wheat in 1996, making it the top producing State for all classes of wheat.

Winter Wheat

Winter wheat, widely grown throughout the United States, is heavily concentrated in the central and southern Great Plains and the Pacific Northwest. Winter wheat is planted in the fall, goes into dormancy during the winter, and is harvested for grain the following spring. When weather conditions are favorable for early fall growth, much of the winter wheat in the southern Great Plains is grazed in the fall prior to going into dormancy and again in the late winter and early spring when new growth starts.

Nearly 52 million acres of winter wheat were planted in 1996. With the exception of peak acreages during World War II and the early 1980's, planted area has generally ranged between 40 and 50 million acres since the 1920's. Nearly 1.5 billion bushels of winter wheat were produced in 1996, comprising 65% of all wheat produced. Kansas, Washington, and Oklahoma were the 3 top producing winter wheat States and accounted for 35% of the total winter wheat production. Kansas ranked second, behind only North Dakota, in all classes of wheat production.




Wheat, Spring: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
CO
ID
MN
MT
NV
ND
OR
SD
UT
WA
WI
WY
68
700
2,500
4,100
10
9,500
105
2,250
28
395
10
26
Mar 25
Mar 21
Apr 13
Apr 8
Apr 5
Apr 19
Mar 1
Apr 3
Mar 20
Mar 1
Apr 5
Mar 27
Apr 20 - May 10
Apr 7 - May 3
Apr 27 - May 25
Apr 22 - May 13
Apr 15 - May 15
May 1 - May 16
Mar 25 - Apr 15
Apr 14 - May 2
Apr 1 - Apr 20
Mar 25 - Apr 25
Apr 10 - May 10
Apr 14 - May 15
May 25
May 26
Jun 3
May 29
May 20
May 27
Apr 15
May 17
May 1
May 15
May 15
Jun 3
Jul 25
Aug 4
Jul 31
Aug 7
Jul 20
Aug 4
Aug 1
Jul 15
Jul 15
Jul 20
Jul 25
Aug 1
Aug 10 - Sep 10
Aug 13 - Sep 8
Aug 12 - Sep 16
Aug 16 - Sep 6
Aug 1 - Aug 25
Aug 14 - Sep 1
Aug 15 - Sep 10
Jul 27 - Aug 13
Aug 5 - Aug 25
Aug 5 - Aug 30
Aug 5 - Aug 25
Aug 12 - Sep 8
Oct 5
Sep 29
Sep 30
Sep 27
Sep 5
Sep 14
Sep 15
Aug 30
Sep 5
Sep 15
Sep 1
Sep 25



Wheat, Winter: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by State
State 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
AL
AZ
AR
CA
CO
DE
FL
GA
ID
IL
IN
IA
KS
KY
LA
MD
MI
MN
MS
MO
MT
NE
NV
NJ
NM
NY
NC
ND
OH
OK
OR
PA
SC
SD
TN
TX
UT
VA
WA
WV
WI
WY
80
14
1,240
550
2,200
78
10
350
860
1,100
720
45
8,800
530
130
227
630
32
230
1,250
1,980
2,100
9
38
110
150
590
75
1,330
4,900
850
190
270
1,580
400
2,900
160
275
2,350
11
125
210
Oct 2
Nov 10
Oct 3
Oct 15
Aug 25
Oct 8
Oct 15
Oct 5
Sep 8
Sep 29
Sep 20
Sep 6
Sep 10
Sep 23
Oct 8
Oct 5
Sep 13
Aug 21
Sep 24
Sep 20
Sep 7
Aug 30
Sep 5
Sep 14
Aug 25
Sep 10
Sep 20
Sep 7
Sep 24
Sep 3
Sep 15
Aug 30
Oct 15
Sep 1
Sep 25
Aug 31
Aug 20
Sep 25
Sep 1
Sep 20
Sep 5
Aug 23
Oct 21 - Nov 21
Dec 1 - Dec 30
Oct 17 - Nov 12
Nov 15 - Jan 15
Sep 10 - Sep 25
Oct 19 - Nov 8
Nov 15 - Dec 15
Nov 15 - Dec 5
Sep 22 - Oct 13
Oct 13 - Oct 29
Oct 5 - Oct 25
Sep 26 - Oct 15
Sep 20 - Oct 10
Oct 9 - Nov 2
Oct 30 - Nov 21
Oct 17 - Nov 6
Sep 25 - Oct 15
Sep 3 - Sep 26
Oct 8 - Nov 12
Oct 10 - Nov 1
Sep 19 - Oct 6
Sep 12 - Sep 26
Sep 15 - Oct 10
Oct 14 Nov 14
Sep 10 - Sep 24
Sep 15 - Oct 5
Oct 15 - Nov 20
Sep 14 - Sep 21
Oct 1 - Oct 21
Sep 22 - Oct 12
Oct 10 - Nov 10
Sep 15 - Oct 15
Nov 11 - Dec 15
Sep 10 - Sep 23
Oct 15 - Nov 10
Sep 16 - Oct 21
Aug 25 - Oct 5
Oct 20 - Nov 15
Sep 5 - Oct 5
Oct 10 - Nov 5
Sep 10 - Sep 30
Sep 4 - Sep 20
Dec 12
Feb 1
Nov 27
Feb 15
Oct 10
Nov 21
Dec 15
Dec 15
Nov 3
Nov 6
Nov 10
Oct 30
Oct 25
Nov 20
Dec 12
Nov 19
Oct 29
Oct 7
Dec 10
Nov 20
Oct 23
Oct 6
Oct 20
Nov 14
Oct 15
Nov 1
Dec 20
Sep 30
Nov 2
Nov 2
Nov 10
Oct 30
Dec 31
Oct 7
Nov 30
Dec 3
Oct 20
Nov 30
Oct 30
Nov 20
Oct 5
Oct 2
May 1
May 15
Jun 8
Jun 1
Jun 25
Jun 22
May 1
May 20
Jul 23
Jun 22
Jun 20
Jun 24
Jun 15
Jun 12
May 14
Jun 22
Jul 14
Jul 18
May 28
Jun 15
Jul 28
Jun 26
Jul 15
Jul 1
Jun 15
Jul 15
May 29
Jul 10
Jul 1
Jun 5
Jul 15
Jul 5
May 26
Jul 6
Jun 10
May 25
Jul 10
Jun 5
Jul 15
Jun 25
Jul 15
Jul 13
May 25 - Jun 25
May 30 - Jun 15
Jun 15 - Jun 28
Jun 15 - Jul 15
Jul 10 - Jul 20
Jun 26 - Jul 8
May 15 - May 31
Jun 1 - Jun 15
Aug 4 - Aug 25
Jun 30 - Jul 8
Jun 30 - Jul 20
Jul 6 - Jul 22
Jun 20 - Jul 10
Jun 20 - Jul 1
May 22 - Jun 9
Jun 28 - Jul 12
Jul 20 - Jul 20
Aug 1 - Aug 21
Jun 6 - Jun 23
Jun 20 - Jul 10
Aug 6 - Aug 23
Jul 7 - Jul 26
Jul 20 - Aug 20
Jul 28 - Aug 1
Jun 20 - Jul 10
Jul 20 - Jul 30
Jun 9 - Jun 30
Jul 14 - Jul 24
Jul 5 - Jul 28
Jun 15 - Jun 25
Jul 30 - Aug 20
Jul 10 - Jul 30
Jun 6 - Jun 25
Jul 15 - Jul 31
Jun 15 - Jun 30
Jun 10 - Jun 30
Jul 25 - Aug 10
Jun 20 - Jul 15
Jul 25 - Aug 20
Jul 5 - Aug 1
Jul 25 - Aug 15
Jul 24 - Aug 12
Jul 1
Jul 1
Jul 5
Aug 1
Aug 10
Jul 17
Jun 15
Jun 30
Sep 14
Jul 20
Jul 25
Aug 7
Jul 25
Jul 10
Jun 23
Jul 20
Aug 4
Sep 5
Jul 7
Jul 20
Sep 8
Aug 8
Aug 25
Aug 14
Jul 15
Aug 5
Jul 25
Aug 1
Aug 4
Jul 5
Sep 1
Aug 10
Jul 1
Aug 12
Jul 10
Jul 7
Aug 25
Jul 25
Sep 5
Aug 10
Aug 20
Sep 3


Alabama: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Cotton
Hay, Other
Peanuts
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Soybeans
Wheat, Winter
280
516
730
191
10
3
315
80
Mar 5
Apr 12

Apr 16
Apr 1
Apr 1
Apr 30
Oct 2

Mar 25 - Apr 25
Apr 24 - May 24

Apr 25 - May 25
May 1 - May 30
May 1 - May 30
May 25 - Jun 25
Oct 21 - Nov 21

May 18
Jun 6

Jun 6
Jul 1
Jul 1
Jul 3
Dec 12

Jul 21
Sep 22
May 10
Sep 4
Sep 1
Sep 1
Sep 28
May 1
Aug 11 - Sep 20
Sep 20 - Oct 20
Jun 20 - Jul 20
Sep 22 - Oct 22
Oct 1 - Oct 30
Oct 1 - Oct 30
Oct 28 - Nov 28
May 25 - Jun 25
Nov 2
Dec 15
Oct 15
Nov 1
Dec 15
Dec 15
Dec 8
Jul 1

Alaska: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
6 .9
.7
.6
20 .2
May 5
May 5
May 10
May 10 - May 25
May 10 - June 1
May 15 - May 25
Jun 5
Jun 5
Jun 5
Aug 20
Sep 1
Aug 25
Jun 15
Sep 1 - Sep 25
Sep 10 - Sep 30
Sep 5 - Sep 20
Jul 1 - Sep 1
Oct 5
Oct 10
Oct 5
Oct 10

Arizona: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Potatoes
Wheat, Durum
Wheat, Winter
54
40
15
356
160
19
9
164
14
Nov 10
Mar 15
Mar 15
Mar 15

 
  Dec 15
Nov 10
Nov 10
Dec 1 - Dec 30
Apr 1 - May 15
Apr 1 - May 15
Apr 1 - Apr 30

 
  Jan 1 - Jan 30
Dec 1 - Dec 30
Dec 1 - Dec 30
Feb 1
Jun 1
Jun 1
May 15

 
  Feb 15
Feb 1
Feb 1
May 15
Sep 1
Sep 1
Sep 15
Feb 15
Feb 15
Apr 15
May 15
May 15
May 30 - Jun 15
Oct 1 - Nov 1
Oct 1 - Nov 1
Oct 10 - Nov 10

 
  May 15 - Jun 15
May 30 - Jun 15
May 30 - Jun 15
Jul 1
Dec 1
Dec 1
Dec 25
Dec 1
Dec 1
Jul 1
Jul 1
Jul 1

Arkansas: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Cotton
Oats, Fall
Rice
Sorghum, for Grain
Soybeans
Wheat, Winter
230
990
25
1,170
220
3,500
1,240
Apr 3
Apr 24
Oct 2
Apr 7
Apr 6
May 4
Oct 3
Apr 10 - May 18
May 1 - May 24
Oct 21 - Nov 21
Apr 18 - May 18
Apr 21 - May 23
May 25 - Jun 20
Oct 17 - Nov 12
May 25
May 31
Nov 26
Jun 2
Jun 9
Jul 7
Nov 27
Aug 16
Sep 22
Jun 8
Aug 26
Aug 24
Sep 25
Jun 8
Aug 27 - Sep 18
Oct 6 - Oct 30
Jun 15 - Jun 25
Sep 3 - Oct 4
Sep 3 - Sep 29
Oct 15 - Nov 9
Jun 15 - Jun 28
Oct 11
Nov 24
Jul 5
Oct 25
Oct 24
Nov 29
Jul 5

California: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall 1/
Barley, Spring
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Fall
Oats, Spring 1/
Rice
Sugarbeets, Fall
Sugarbeets, Spring 2/
Wheat, Durum
Wheat, Winter

200
123
220
255
1,159
940
510
30

500
82

138
550
Sep 15
Feb 20
Apr 1
Mar 15
Apr 1
Apr 1

 
  Sep 15
Feb 20
May 1
Aug 15
Nov 1
Oct 15
Oct 15
Oct 1 - Apr 15
Mar 1 - May 1
May 1 - Jun 1
Apr 1 - Jul 1
Apr 15 - Aug 1
Apr 15 - Apr 30

 
  Oct 1 - Mar 1
Mar 1 - May 15
May 10 - May 25
Sep 1 - Oct 15
Nov 15 - Jun 1
Nov 1 - Feb 15
Nov 15 - Jan 15
Apr 30
May 15
Jul 1
Jul 15
Aug 15
May 15

 
  Mar 15
May 30
Jun 5
Oct 30
Jun 15
Mar 1
Feb 15
May 15
Aug 15
Aug 1
Sep 1
Aug 1
Oct 1
Mar 1
May 15
Jun 15
Aug 15
Sep 15
Apr 1
Jul 1
May 20
Jun 1
Jun 1 - Jul 15
Sep 1 - Sep 20
Sep 15 - Oct 15
Oct 1 - Nov 15
Aug 15 - Oct 15
Oct 15 - Nov 1

 
  Jul 15 - Sep 1
Sep 1 - Sep 20
Oct 1 - Oct 15
Apr 15 - Aug 1
Aug 20 - Nov 15
Jun 15 - Jul 15
Jun 15 - Jul 15
Aug 15
Oct 1
Nov 15
Dec 1
Nov 15
Nov 15
Nov 5
Oct 1
Sep 1
Oct 1
Nov 1
Aug 15
Dec 10
Aug 15
Aug 1
1/ "All" acreage estimate published under "Spring " category.
2/ "All" acreage estimate published under "Fall" category.

Colorado: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes, Fall
Potatoes, Summer
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Sugarbeets
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
92
125
940
90
860
580
35
11 .5
5 .8
260
12
51 .1
68
2,200
Mar 15
May 15
Apr 15
Apr 15

 
  Mar 15
May 1
Apr 10
May 10
May 10
Mar 25
Mar 25
Aug 25
Apr 5 - May 5
Jun 1 - Jun 20
May 1 - May 15
May 1 - May 15

 
  Apr 5 - May 5
May 5 - May 25
Apr 15 - May 10
Jun 1 - Jun 20
Jun 1 - Jun 20
Apr 10 - Apr 25
Apr 20 - May 10
Sep 10 - Sep 25
May 15
Jul 1
Jun 1
Jun 1

 
  May 25
Jun 1
May 25
Jul 1
Jul 1
May 5
May 25
Oct 10
Jul 10
Aug 25
Oct 1
Sep 1
May 25
Jun 25
Jul 10
Sep 5
Aug 1
Sep 25
Sep 1
Oct 5
Jul 25
Jun 25
Jul 25 - Sep 5
Sep 10 - Oct 5
Oct 15 - Nov 10
Sep 10 - Sep 30

 
  Jul 25 - Sep 5
Sep 20 - Oct 10
Aug 15 -Sep 20
Oct 10 - Nov 15
Sep 5 - Sep 20
Oct 15 - Nov 5
Aug 10 - Sep 10
Jul 10 - Jul 20
Sep 20
Oct 15
Dec 1
Oct 10
Oct 15
Sep 25
Sep 30
Oct 15
Oct 10
Nov 25
Oct 1
Nov 10
Oct 5
Aug 10

Connecticut: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Other
Tobacco, Type 51
Tobacco, Type 61
33
65
1 .2
1 .0
May 1

May 23
May 14

May 13 - Jun 1

Jun 1 - Jun 15
May 20 - May 31

Jun 15

Jun 26
Jun 7

Sep 3
May 20
Jul 30
Jul 17
Sep 19 - Oct 16

Aug 7 - Aug 24
Jul 30 - Aug 21

Oct 29
Oct 30
Sep 7
Sep 3

Delaware: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Potatoes
Soybeans
Wheat, Winter
23
150
4
7
8
5 .9
217
78
Sep 27
Apr 19
Apr 19

 
  Apr 5
May 18
Oct 8
Oct 9 - Oct 27
Apr 30 - May 16
Apr 30 - May 16

 
  Apr 14 - Apr 28
May 30 - Jun 28
Oct 19 - Nov 8
Nov 10
May 28
May 28

 
  May 5
Jul 11
Nov 21
Jun 5
Sep 10
Aug 11
May 13
May 10
Jul 4
Oct 5
Jun 22
Jun 12 - Jun 28
Sep 20 - Oct 15
Aug 25 - Sep 18

 
  Jul 23 - Aug 23
Oct 22 - Nov 14
Jun 26 - Jul 8
Jul 3
Nov 5
Sep 30
Nov 19
Nov 8
Sep 15
Nov 25
Jul 17

Florida: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Other
Peanuts
Potatoes
Soybeans
Sugarcane
Tobacco, Type 14
Wheat, Winter
112
19
98 .2
240
82
44 .3
33
438
7 .5
10
Mar 1
Mar 1
Apr 1

Apr 1
Sep 15
May 1
Aug 15
Mar 1
Oct 15

Mar 15 - Apr 15
Mar 15 - Apr 15
Apr 15 - May 15

Apr 15 - May 1
Sep 15 - Mar 1
May 15 - Jun 15
Aug 15 - Feb 15
Mar 1 - Apr 15
Nov 15 - Dec 15

Apr 25
Apr 25
Jun 15

May 15
Mar 1
Jul 1
Feb 15
Apr 15
Dec 15

Jul 15
Jun 1
Sep 15
May 10
Aug 15
Jan 15
Oct 1
Nov 1
Jun 1
May 1
Aug 1 - Sept 10
Jun 10 - Jul 20
Oct 1 - Nov 1

Sep 15 - Oct 15
Feb 1 - Jun 15
Oct 15 - Nov 15
Nov 15 - Mar 1
Jul 1 - Aug 1
May 15 - May 31

Oct 1
Aug 10
Dec 1
Nov 20
Nov 15
Jul 1
Nov 25
Apr 1
Aug 25
Jun 15

Georgia: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Other
Oats, Fall
Peanuts
Potatoes, Sweet
Rye
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Soybeans
Tobacco, Type 14
Wheat, Winter
525
45
1,336
600
35
533
2
70
40
20
390
46
350
Mar 1
Mar 1
Apr 20

Sep 20
Apr 15
Apr 1
Sep 20
Apr 15
Apr 15
May 5
Mar 20
Oct 5

Mar 20 - Apr 15
Mar 20 - Apr 15
Apr 25 - May 25

Oct 5 - Nov 20
Apr 25 - May 20
Apr 1 - May 15
Oct 5 - Nov 10
Apr 30 - Jun 5
Apr 30 - Jun 5
May 25 - Jun 20
Apr 1- Apr 10
Nov 15 - Dec 5

May 5
May 5
Jun 5

Dec 10
Jun 10
May 15
Dec 5
Jul 5
Jul 5
Jul 5
Apr 25
Dec 15

Jul 25
Jul 10
Sep 20
May 1
May 20
Sep 5
Jul 15
May 10
Aug 20
Jun 25
Oct 1
Jun 20
May 20
Aug 15 - Sep 5
Jul 20 - Aug 10
Oct 5 - Nov 15
Jun 1 - Jul 30
Jun 1 - Jun 20
Sep 10 - Oct 15
Jul 15 - Nov 20
May 25 - Jun 20
Sep 10 - Oct 15
Jul 15 - Aug 20
Nov 1 - Nov 25
Jul 10 - Aug 15
Jun 1 - Jun 15
Oct 10
Sep 1
Dec 15
Oct 15
Jun 25
Nov 1
Nov 20
Jun 25
Nov 25
Sep 1
Dec 15
Sep 1
Jun 30

Hawaii: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Sugarcane 46 1/
1/ Hawaii sugarcane is a two year crop with both planting and harvesting taking place on a year round basis. There is normally a lull in harvesting operations during December when mills shut down for cleaning and repairs.

Idaho: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
Sugarbeets
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
730
93
40
58
1,000
280
25
408
184
700
860
Mar 24
May 12
Apr 21
Apr 21

 
  Mar 31
Apr 14
Mar 24
Mar 21
Sep 8
Apr 7 - May 5
May 26 - Jun 9
May 5 - May 26
May 5 - May 26

 
  Apr 14 - May 19
Apr 28 - May 19
Apr 3 - Apr 21
Apr 7 - May 3
Sep 22 - Oct 13
May 26
Jun 23
Jun 9
Jun 9

 
  Jun 2
Jun 9
May 5
May 26
Nov 3
Jul 28
Aug 18
Sep 29
Sep 1
May 22
Jun 1
Jul 21
Sep 1
Sep 15
Aug 4
Jul 23
Aug 11 - Sep 8
Sep 8 - Oct 6
Oct 20 - Nov 10
Sep 15 - Oct 6

 
  Aug 11 - Sep 8
Sep 22 - Oct 13
Oct 8 - Oct 30
Aug 13 - Sep 8
Aug 4 - Aug 25
Sep 29
Oct 20
Nov 24
Oct 27
Oct 20
Sep 10
Sep 29
Oct 27
Nov 10
Sep 29
Sep 14

Illinois: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Sorghum, for Grain
Soybeans
Wheat, Winter
10,800
600
400
70
220
9,850
1,100
Apr 22

 
  Mar 25
May 20
May 6
Sep 29
Apr 30 - May 18

 
  Apr 8 - Apr 23
Jun 2 - Jun 21
May 15 - Jun 9
Oct 13 - Oct 29
May 28

 
  May 8
Jun 30
Jun 16
Nov 6
Sep 24
May 13
May 20
Jul 14
Sep 27
Sep 23
Jun 22
Oct 9 - Nov 3

 
  Jul 24 - Aug 3
Oct 15 - Nov 3
Oct 1 - Oct 19
Jun 30 - Jul 8
Nov 19
Sep 25
Jul 15
Aug 11
Nov 17
Nov 3
Jul 20

Indiana: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Rye
Soybeans
Tobacco, Type 31
Wheat, Winter
5,450
100
425
300
25
2
5,360
7 .6
720
Apr 25
Apr 25

 
  Apr 1
Sep 10
May 5
May 20
Sep 20
May 5 - May 20
May 5 - May 20

 
  Apr 5 - Apr 25
Sep 20- Oct 15
May 15 - Jun 5
May 30 - Jun 15
Oct 5 - Oct 25
Jun 10
Jun 10

 
  May 10
Oct 30
Jun 20
Jun 25
Nov 10
Sep 20
Sep 1
May 15
Jun 10
Jul 10
Jun 20
Sep 25
Aug 15
Jun 20
Oct 10 - Nov 25
Sep 5 - Sep 15

 
  Jul 15 - Aug 5
Jun 30 - Jul 20
Sep 30 - Oct 25
Sep 1 - Sep 30
Jun 30 - Jul 20
Dec 10
Sep 25
Sep 20
Aug 20
Aug 10
Jul 25
Nov 5
Oct 10
Jul 25

Iowa: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Oats, Spring
Soybeans
Wheat, Winter
12,450
220
1,200
190
9,450
45
Apr 22
Apr 22

Mar 24
May 4
Sep 6

May 2 - May 16
May 2 - May 16

Apr 4 - Apr 23
May 14 - Jun 2
Sep 26 - Oct 15

Jun 3
Jun 23

May 17
Jun 17
Oct 30

Sep 17
Sep 1
May 26
Jul 3
Sep 21
Jun 24
Oct 7 - Oct 31
Sep 10 - Sep 20

Jul 15 - Jul 29
Oct 1 - Oct 15
Jul 6 - Jul 22

Nov 17
Sep 25
Sep 27
Aug 9
Oct 27
Aug 7

Kansas: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Barley, Spring 1/
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Rye
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Soybeans
Sunflowers
Wheat, Winter
11

24
2,350
130
800
1,700
80
5
4,600
120
2,000
275
8,800
Sep 15
Mar 1
May 10
Apr 10
Apr 15

 
  Feb 20
Sep 1
May 10
May 15
May 10
May 15
Sep 10
Oct 1 - Oct 15
Mar 5 - Apr 1
May 20 - Jun 10
Apr 25 - May 15
Apr 25 - May 15

 
  Mar 5 - Apr 1
Sep 10 - Sep 20
May 25 - Jun 20
May 25 - Jun 20
May 25 - Jun 20
May 20 - Jun 1
Sep 20 - Oct 10
Nov 1
May 1
Jul 1
May 25
Jun 15

 
  Apr 15
Oct 1
Jul 5
Jul 15
Jul 5
Jul 5
Oct 25
Jun 10
Jun 20
Aug 25
Sep 5
Aug 25
May 10
May 25
Jul 10
Jun 10
Sep 15
Sep 1
Sep 20
Sep 25
Jun 15
Jun 15 - Jul 1
Jun 25 - Jul 1
Sep 1 - Sep 20
Sep 20 - Oct 20
Sep 1 - Oct 1

 
  Jul 15 - Aug 1
Jun 15 - Jun 25
Oct 10 - Nov 5
Sep 10 - Oct 10
Oct 5 - Oct 25
Oct 1 - Oct 15
Jun 20 - Jul 10
Jul 5
Jul 10
Oct 10
Nov 10
Oct 10
Oct 10
Sep 10
Aug 10
Jul 5
Nov 30
Oct 15
Nov 15
Oct 25
Jul 25
1/ "All" acreage estimate published under "Fall" category.

Kentucky: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Soybeans
Tobacco, Type 22
Tobacco, Type 23
Tobacco, Type 31
Tobacco, Type 35
Tobacco, Type 36
Wheat, Winter
20
1,200
90
300
2,100
23
1
1,180
3 .8
3 .6
185 .6
2 .1
1 .2
530
Sep 25
Apr 12
Apr 20

 
  May 10
Apr 25
May 10
May 12
May 12
May 10
May 12
May 12
Sep 23
Oct 1- Oct 15
Apr 21 - May 18
May 1 - Jun 10

 
  May 15 - Jun 25
May 6 - Jun 15
May 25 - Jun 25
May 20 - Jun 8
May 20 - Jun 8
May 23 - Jun 8
May 20 - Jun 8
May 20 - Jun 8
Oct 9 - Nov 2
Oct 20
Jun 8
Jun 25

 
  Jul 1
Jun 30
Jul 5
Jun 20
Jun 20
Jun 15
Jun 20
Jun 20
Nov 20
Jun 1
Sep 8
Aug 20
May 5
May 15
Sep 25
Aug 25
Oct 1
Aug 5
Aug 5
Aug 8
Aug 5
Aug 5
Jun 12
Jun 5- Jun 15
Sep 22 - Oct 20
Aug 25 - Sep 30
May 15 - Sep 1
Jun 1 - Sep 1
Oct 10 - Nov 10
Aug 30 - Oct 5
Oct 18 - Nov 10
Aug 18 - Sep 10
Aug 18 - Sep 10
Aug 21 - Sep 15
Aug 18 - Sep 10
Aug 18 - Sep 10
Jun 20 - Jul 1
Jun 25
Nov 15
Oct 10
Sep 15
Oct 10
Nov 15
Oct 15
Nov 18
Oct 1
Oct 1
Oct 1
Oct 1
Oct 1
Jul 10

Louisiana: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Other
Potatoes, Sweet
Rice
Sorghum, for Grain
Soybeans
Sugarcane
Wheat, Winter
532
10
885
310
21
533
153
1,080
370
130
Mar 10
Mar 10
Apr 17

May 5
Mar 20
Mar 31
May 5
Aug 20
Oct 8

Mar 19 - Apr 4
Mar 19 - Apr 4
Apr 26 - May 16

May 28 - Jun 25
Apr 3 - May 2
Apr 20 - May 22
May 18 - Jun 15
Sep 1 - Sep 27
Oct 30 - Nov 21

Apr 28
Apr 28
Jun 2

Jul 14
Jun 2
Jun 23
Jul 5
Oct 13
Dec 12

Jul 29
Jul 15
Sep 15
Apr 26
Aug 4
Jul 22
Aug 12
Sep 15
Oct 10
May 14
Aug 13 - Sep 1
Jul 20 - Aug 15
Sep 28 - Oct 20

Sep 6 - Oct 6
Aug 8 - Sep 6
Aug 25 - Sep 19
Oct 4 - Oct 31
Oct 28 - Nov 24
May 22 - Jun 9

Sep 16
Aug 20
Nov 13
Oct 22
Nov 24
Oct 8
Oct 10
Nov 20
Dec 16
Jun 23

Maine: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
26
175
28
77
May 7

May 7
May 10

May 16 - Jun 1

May 14 - May 26
May 18 - May 29

Jun 15

Jun 9
Jun 10

Sep 6
May 30
Aug 10
Sep 7
Sep 22 - Oct 13

Aug 23 - Sep 15
Sep 21 - Oct 7

Oct 23
Oct 20
Oct 10
Oct 19

Maryland: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Potatoes
Rye
Soybeans
Tobacco, Type 32
Wheat, Winter
49
465
60
60
160
1 .9
2
480
8 .0
227
Sep 17
Apr 20
Apr 20

 
  Apr 7
Sep 19
May 11
May 9
Oct 5
Oct 1 - Oct 21
Apr 30 - May 20
Apr 30 - May 20

 
  Apr 12 - Apr 28
Oct 3 - Nov 1
May 28 - Jun 26
May 25 - Jun 4
Oct 17 - Nov 6
Nov 7
Jun 7
Jun 7

 
  May 10
Nov 17
Jul 16
Jun 24
Nov 19
Jun 12
Sep 9
Aug 24
May 12
May 10
Jul 1
Jun 14
Oct 5
Aug 7
Jun 22
Jun 16 - Jun 28
Sep 22 - Oct 22
Sep 9 - Oct 1

 
  Jul 20 - Aug 11
Jun 25 - Jul 14
Oct 18 - Nov 15
Aug 21 - Sep 14
Jun 28 - Jul 12
Jul 8
Nov 17
Oct 14
Nov 30
Nov 19
Aug 28
Jul 25
Dec 1
Sep 26
Jul 20

Massachusetts: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Silage
Tobacco, Type 51
Tobacco, Type 61
Potatoes
Hay, Other
27
.4
.4
2 .6
80
May 1
May 23
May 14
Apr 28
May 13 - Jun 1
Jun 1 - Jun 15
May 20 - May 31
May 5 - May 21
Jun 15
Jun 26
Jun 7
Jun 1
Sep 3
Jul 30
Jul 17
Aug 5
May 20
Sep 19 - Oct 16
Aug 7 - Aug 24
Jul 30 - Aug 21
Aug 25 - Sep 29
Oct 29
Sep 7
Sep 3
Oct 19
Oct 30

Michigan: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
Soybeans
Sugarbeets
Wheat, Winter
25
320
2,300
310
950
60
46
1,640
130
630
Apr 15
May 29
May 1
May 1

Apr 15
Apr 24
May 8
Apr 25
Sep 13

Apr 25 - May 8
Jun 6 - Jun 17
May 10 - May 21
May 10 - May 21

Apr 25 - May 8
May 7 - May 24
May 18 - Jun 3
Apr 30 - May 4
Sep 25 - Oct 15

May 21
Jun 28
May 31
May 31

May 21
Jun 7
Jun 15
May 13
Oct 29

Jul 26
Sep 6
Oct 3
Sep 4
May 31
Jul 26
Jul 23
Sep 30
Oct 6
Jul 14
Aug 3 - Aug 19
Sep 23 - Oct 9
Oct 23 - Nov 17
Sep 19 - Oct 6
Jun 15 - Sep 11
Aug 3 - Aug 19
Aug 24 - Oct 7
Oct 12 - Oct 28
Oct 17 - Oct 29
Jul 20 - Jul 20
Aug 31
Oct 24
Dec 3
Oct 20
Oct 14
Aug 31
Oct 23
Nov 7
Nov 5
Aug 4

Minnesota: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
Rye
Soybeans
Sugarbeets
Wheat, Durum
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
520
120
6,950
475
1,475
750
270
82
20
5,900
438
10
2,500
32
Apr 16
May 9
Apr 24
Apr 24

 
  Apr 10
Apr 25
Aug 23
May 6
Apr 22
Apr 13
Apr 13
Aug 21
Apr 26 - May 27
May 18 - Jun 7
May 3 - May 22
May 3 - May 22

 
  Apr 25 - May 14
May 8 - May 31
Sep 2 - Sep 27
May 16 - Jun 3
Apr 30 - May 20
Apr 27 - May 25
Apr 24 - May 15
Sep 3 - Sep 26
Jun 5
Jun 16
Jun 8
Jun 8

 
  May 26
Jun 14
Oct 9
Jun 23
May 30
Jun 3
May 28
Oct 7
Jul 26
Sep 1
Sep 29
Sep 5
May 31
Jun 5
Jul 24
Aug 28
Jul 15
Sep 25
Sep 17
Jul 31
Jul 31
Jul 18
Aug 8 - Sep 7
Sep 8 - Oct 10
Oct 15 - Nov 12
Sep 15 - Oct 10

 
  Aug 1 - Aug 26
Sep 16 - Oct 12
Jul 28 - Aug 20
Oct 4 - Oct 21
Oct 3 - Oct 18
Aug 12 - Sep 16
Aug 12 - Sep 9
Aug 1 - Aug 21
Sep 24
Oct 19
Nov 28
Oct 21
Sep 30
Aug 30
Sep 10
Oct 21
Aug 29
Oct 30
Oct 28
Sep 30
Sep 30
Sep 5

Mississippi: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Other
Potatoes, Sweet
Rice
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Soybeans
Wheat, Winter
605
23
1,100
800
8 .1
208
72
2
1,750
230
Mar 27
Mar 27
Apr 14

Apr 21
Apr 2
Apr 2
Apr 2
Apr 10
Sep 24

Mar 31 - Apr 28
Mar 31 - Apr 28
Apr 28 - May 28

May 19 - Jun 23
Apr 23 - May 28
Apr 14 - May 28
Apr 14 - May 28
Apr 25 - May 25
Oct 8 - Nov 12

Jun 11
Jun 11
Jun 9

Jul 7
Jun 9
Jun 23
Jun 23
Jul 1
Dec 10

Aug 12
Jul 21
Sep 15
May 10
Aug 12
Aug 25
Aug 18
Aug 4
Aug 15
May 28
Sep 1 - Oct 6
Jul 28 - Sep 1
Oct 6 - Nov 3

Sep 1 - Oct 13
Sep 10 - Oct 6
Aug 18 - Oct 6
Aug 12 - Sep 15
Sep 15 - Oct 20
Jun 6 - Jun 23

Oct 22
Sep 22
Nov 17
Oct 20
Nov 10
Oct 27
Oct 20
Oct 6
Dec 3
Jul 7

Missouri: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
Rice
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Soybeans
Tobacco, Type 31
Wheat, Winter
2,650
60
385
480
3,200
29
7 .1
90
580
10
4,050
2 .7
1,250
Apr 5
Apr 10
Apr 25

 
  Mar 1
Mar 1
Apr 15
Apr 25
May 1
May 5
May 10
Sep 20
Apr 20 - May 25
Apr 20 - May 25
May 5 - May 20

 
  Mar 15 - Apr 20
Mar 5 - Mar 25
May 1 - May 25
May 15 - Jun 15
May 20 - Jun 15
May 15 - Jul 1
May 15 - May 30
Oct 10 - Nov 1
Jun 10
Jun 10
Jun 1

 
  Apr 30
Apr 5
Jun 10
Jul 1
Jul 1
Jul 10
Jun 15
Nov 20
Sep 1
Aug 15
Sep 20
May 15
May 20
Jun 20
Jun 15
Sep 10
Sep 10
Aug 15
Sep 25
Aug 10
Jun 15
Sep 20 - Oct 30
Aug 25 - Sep 15
Oct 5 - Oct 30

 
  Jul 1 - Jul 25
Jun 20 - Jul 15
Sep 25 - Oct 25
Sep 25 - Oct 30
Aug 25 - Sep 15
Oct 10 - Oct 30
Aug 25 - Sep 15
Jun 20 - Jul 10
Dec 1
Sep 25
Nov 20
Sep 15
Sep 10
Aug 1
Aug 25
Nov 1
Nov 25
Oct 10
Nov 25
Sep 25
Jul 20

Montana: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
Sugarbeets
Wheat, Durum
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
1,200
10 .3
15
39
1,700
900
50
10 .2
57 .5
280
4,100
1,980
Apr 7
May 1
Apr 19
Apr 19

 
  Apr 10
Apr 27
Apr 9
Apr 8
Apr 8
Sep 7
Apr 21 - May 14
May 15 - May 31
May 1 - May 25
May 1 - May 25

 
  Apr 26 - May 18
May 12 - Jun 1
Apr 19 - May 6
Apr 22 - May 13
Apr 22 - May 13
Sep 19 - Oct 6
Jun 1
Jun 11
Jun 8
Jun 8

 
  Jun 3
Jun 11
May 16
May 29
May 29
Oct 23
Aug 4
Aug 28
Sep 15
Aug 30
Jun 13
Jun 15
Aug 6
Sep 17
Sep 24
Aug 7
Aug 7
Jul 28
Aug 15 - Sep 6
Sep 10 - Sep 24
Sep 20 - Oct 5
Sep 13 - Sep 29

 
  Aug 16 - Sep 6
Sep 27 - Oct 15
Oct 9 - Oct 20
Aug 16 - Sep 6
Aug 16 - Sep 6
Aug 6 - Aug 23
Sep 28
Oct 8
Oct 15
Oct 14
Sep 24
Sep 1
Sep 26
Oct 28
Nov 2
Sep 27
Sep 27
Sep 8

Nebraska: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Rye
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Soybeans
Sugarbeets
Wheat, Winter
17
195
8,300
125
1,400
1,850
105
22
1,030
60
3,010
51 .2
2,100
Mar 20
May 26
Apr 21
Apr 21

 
  Mar 24
Aug 30
May 11
May 11
May 9
Apr 1
Aug 30
Mar 25 - Apr 10
Jun 9 - Jun 16
May 3 - May 19
May 3 - May 19

 
  Apr 2 -Apr 27
Sep 12 - Sep 26
May 20 - Jun 8
May 20 - Jun 8
May 18 - Jun 4
Apr 10 - Apr 30
Sep 12 - Sep 26
Apr 18
Jun 23
Jun 1
June 1

 
  May 9
Oct 6
Jun 19
Jun 19
Jun 17
May 5
Oct 6
Jul 18
Sep 8
Sep 21
Aug 25
May 10
Jun 5
Jul 4
Jun 30
Sep 19
Aug 25
Sep 19
Oct 5
Jun 26
Jul 20 - Jul 25
Sep 15 - Sep 29
Oct 11 - Nov 6
Sep 5 - Sep 25

 
  Jul 15 - Aug 2
Jul 12 - Jul 30
Oct 8 - Oct 30
Sep 10 - Sep 30
Sep 30 - Oct 15
Oct 10 - Oct 30
Jul 7 - Jul 26
Jul 30
Oct 13
Dec 1
Oct 10
Oct 5
Sep 20
Aug 12
Aug 8
Nov 17
Oct 10
Oct 27
Nov 5
Aug 8

Nevada: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Alfalfa Seed
Barley, Fall 1/
Barley, Spring
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
13

5
240
250
10
9

Sep 5
Apr 5

 
  Apr 5
Sep 5

Sep 15 - Oct 10
Apr 15 - May 15

 
  Apr 15 - May 15
Sep 15 - Oct 10

Oct 20
May 20

 
  May 20
Oct 20
Aug 20
Jul 10
Jul 20
May 20
Jun 15
Jul 20
Jul 15
Aug 25 - Sep 15
Jul 15 - Aug 15
Jul 25 - Aug 25

 
  Aug 1 - Aug 25
Jul 20 - Aug 20
Sep 20
Aug 25
Sep 5
Oct 15
Sep 15
Sep 5
Aug 25
1/ "All" acreage estimate published under "Fall" category.

New Hampshire: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Other
15
55
May 4
May 16 - Jun 1
Jun 15
Sep 6
May 25
Sep 22 - Oct 13
Oct 26
Oct 25

New Jersey: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Potatoes, Sweet
Potatoes
Rye
Soybeans
Wheat, Winter
3
94
14
25
95
1 .2
2 .5
3
119
38
Sep 14
May 7
May 14

 
  May 1
Mar 14
Sep 1
May 30
Sep 14
Oct 1 - Oct 14
May 28 - Jun 20
Jun 7 - Jun 25

 
  May 14 - May 31
Apr 21 - May 30
Oct 14 - Nov 14
Jun 14 - Jul 14
Oct 14 Nov 14
Oct 21
Jun 28
Jun 30

 
  May 31
May 30
Nov 14
Jul 14
Nov 14
Jun 7
Oct 1
Sep 7
May 14
Jun 7
Sep 14
Jun 21
Jul 7
Oct 1
Jul 1
Jun 21 - Jul 10
Oct 30 - Nov 10
Sep 21 - Oct 1

 
  Sep 28 - Nov 1
Jul 1 - Aug 30
Jul 21 - Aug 1
Oct 21 - Nov 10
Jul 28 - Aug 1
Jun 14
Nov 28
Nov 28
Oct 15
Oct 15
Nov 14
Oct 15
Aug 7
Nov 30
Aug 14

New Mexico: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Peanuts
Potatoes, Fall
Potatoes, Summer
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Sugarbeets
Wheat, Winter
12
84
44
69
255
100
16 .5
6 .7
3 .9
225
6
.9
110
May 15
Apr 15
Apr 15
Apr 10

 
  May 10
Apr 20
Mar 5
May 10
May 10
Mar 25
Aug 25
May 20 - Jun 1
Apr 20 - May 10
Apr 20 - May 10
Apr 20 - May 10

 
  May 15 - May 25
Apr 25 - May 5
Mar 10 - Mar 20
May 20 - Jun 15
May 20 - Jun 10
Apr 5 - Apr 25
Sep 10 - Sep 24
Jun 15
May 20
May 20
May 20

 
  Jun 1
May 10
Apr 1
Jul 1
Jun 20
May 5
Oct 15
Aug 15
Sep 25
Sep 1
Oct 10
May 1
May 1
Oct 1
Sep 1
Jul 15
Oct 15
Sep 5
Oct 5
Jun 15
Sep 1 - Sep 30
Oct 1 - Oct 30
Sep 10 - Oct 1
Oct 25 - Nov 30

 
  Oct 10 - Oct 30
Sep 25 - Oct 10
Aug 1 - Aug 30
Oct 20 - Nov 15
Sep 15 - Oct 10
Oct 20 - Nov 10
Jun 20 - Jul 10
Oct 15
Nov 20
Nov 1
Dec 20
Oct 20
Oct 20
Nov 10
Oct 20
Sep 15
Dec 15
Nov 1
Dec 1
Jul 15

New York: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes, Fall
Rye
Wheat, Winter
29
630
510
640
870
75
28 .5
8
150
Jun 1
Apr 25
Apr 25

 
  Apr 1
Mar 25
Sep 1
Sep 10
Jun 15 - Jun 30
May 5 - May 25
May 5 - May 25

 
  Apr 10 - Apr 30
May 15 - May 25
Sep 10 - Oct 10
Sep 15 - Oct 5
Jul 10
Jun 5
Jun 15

 
  May 15
Jun 15
Oct 25
Nov 1
Sep 1
Oct 10
Sep 5
May 25
May 25
Aug 1
Jul 15
Jul 5
Jul 15
Sep 15 - Sep 30
Oct 20 - Nov 20
Sep 10 - Oct 1

 
  Aug 5 - Aug 25
Sep 1 - Sep 20
Jul 10 - Jul 15
Jul 20 - Jul 30
Oct 15
Dec 1
Oct 15
Nov 1
Oct 15
Sep 10
Nov 5
Jul 20
Aug 5


North Carolina: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Fall
Peanuts
Potatoes
Potatoes, Sweet
Rye
Sorghum, for Grain
Soybeans
Tobacco, Type 11
Tobacco, Type 12
Tobacco, Type 13
Tobacco, Type 31
Wheat, Winter
20
900
80
710
15
525
20
125
18 .2
31
20
10
1,200
76
167
37
7 .8
590
Sep 25
Apr 1
Apr 1
Apr 21

 
  Sep 15
Apr 28
Mar 4
May 5
Sep 20
May 5
May 1
Apr 30
Apr 18
Apr 15
May 13
Sep 20
Oct 15 - Nov 10
Apr 10 - Apr 25
Apr 10 - Apr 25
May 1 - May 20

 
  Oct 15 - Nov 24
May 8 - May 28
Mar 10 - Apr 7
May 19 - Jun 16
Oct 7 - Nov 5
May 25 - Jun 16
May 20 - Jun 30
May 7 - May 25
Apr 30 - May 12
Apr 20 - May 10
May 20 - Jun 7
Oct 15 - Nov 20
Dec 1
May 20
May 20
Jun 8

 
  Dec 10
Jun 2
Apr 28
Jul 14
Dec 5
Jul 14
Jul 18
Jun 5
Jun 2
May 31
Jun 30
Dec 20
May 25
Aug 20
Aug 1
Sep 27
Apr 30
Apr 30
May 28
Sep 24
Jun 9
Sep 1
May 28
Aug 14
Oct 10
Jul 15
Jul 5
Jul 1
Aug 18
May 29
Jun 9 - Jun 30
Sep 10 - Oct 7
Aug 18 - Sep 20
Oct 7 - Nov 15

 
  Jun 9 - Jul 3
Oct 8 - Oct 29
Jun 23 - Jul 14
Sep 24 - Nov 4
Jun 5 - Jul 7
Oct 1 - Oct 22
Nov 12 - Dec 3
Aug 1 - Sep 5
Jul 30 - Aug 30
Jul 21 - Aug 21
Sep 1 - Sep 22
Jun 9 - Jun 30
Jul 25
Nov 7
Oct 20
Dec 15
Nov 17
Nov 17
Jul 20
Nov 14
Aug 7
Nov 20
Jul 28
Nov 26
Dec 20
Oct 10
Sep 25
Sep 15
Oct 13
Jul 25

North Dakota: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Flaxseed
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
Rye
Soybeans
Sugarbeets
Sunflowers
Wheat, Durum
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
2,600
570
720
170
77
1,700
1,200
380
131
16
845
225 .3
1,165
2,940
9,500
75
Apr 21
May 15
May 3
May 3
May 8

 
  Apr 22
May 5
Sep 7
May 12
Apr 22
May 15
Apr 26
Apr 19
Sep 7
May 2 - May 15
May 21 - Jun 1
May 13 - May 26
May 13 - May 26
May 18 - May 31

 
  May 2 - May 17
May 13 - May 24
Sep 14 - Sep 21
May 19 - May 29
Apr 29 - May 10
May 23 - Jun 4
May 7 - May 21
May 1 - May 16
Sep 14 - Sep 21
May 26
Jun 8
Jun 5
Jun 5
Jun 10

 
  May 28
Jun 1
Sep 30
Jun 6
May 16
Jun 13
May 31
May 27
Sep 30
Jul 30
Sep 2
Sep 29
Aug 31
Aug 25
Jun 12
Jun 18
Aug 2
Aug 31
Jul 10
Sep 16
Sep 18
Oct 1
Aug 9
Aug 4
Jul 10
Aug 8 - Aug 23
Sep 12 - Sep 30
Oct 10 - Oct 27
Sep 12 - Sep 28
Sep 8 - Sep 27

 
  Aug 11 - Aug 27
Sep 14 - Sep 30
Jul 14 - Jul 24
Sep 26 - Oct 11
Oct 5 - Oct 13
Oct 11 - Oct 24
Aug 21 - Sep 9
Aug 14 - Sep 1
Jul 14 - Jul 24
Sep 6
Oct 15
Nov 9
Oct 10
Oct 13
Sep 6
Aug 26
Sep 10
Oct 12
Aug 1
Oct 22
Oct 20
Nov 7
Sep 22
Sep 14
Aug 1

Ohio: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
Rye
Soybeans
Sugarbeets
Tobacco, Type 31
Wheat, Winter
2,750
130
700
500
90
5 .1
3
4,490
4 .6
8 .0
1,300
Apr 22
Apr 22

 
  Apr 3
Apr 18
Sep 10
May 5
Apr 15
Jun 1
Sep 24
May 1 - May 30
May 1 - May 30

 
  Apr 15 - May 10
Apr 30 - May 21
Sep 15 - Oct 14
May 10 - Jun 7
Apr 20 - May 15
Jun 7 - Jun 21
Oct 1 - Oct 21
Jun 12
Jun 12

 
  May 24
Jun 4
Oct 20
Jun 23
May 30
Jul 5
Nov 2
Sep 25
Sep 1
May 20
May 23
Jul 16
Jul 30
Jun 25
Sep 21
Sep 25
Aug 30
Jul 1
Oct 15 - Nov 14
Sep 15 - Oct 14

 
  Jul 26 - Aug 12
Aug 22 - Oct 5
Jul 1 - Jul 15
Oct 1 - Oct 22
Oct 20 - Nov 10
Sep 5 - Sep 20
Jul 5 - Jul 28
Nov 25
Oct 30
Sep 30
Oct 4
Aug 22
Oct 25
Jul 20
Nov 10
Nov 20
Oct 5
Aug 4

Oklahoma: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Fall
Peanuts
Rye
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Soybeans
Wheat, Winter
3
170
20
210
390
2,300
18
81
60
490
8
285
4,900
Sep 12
Mar 25
Mar 25
May 6

 
  Sep 12
May 7
Sep 5
Apr 30
Apr 30
Apr 20
Sep 3
Oct 3 - Oct 29
Apr 18 - May 4
Apr 18 - May 4
May 20 - Jun 12

 
  Oct 1 - Nov 1
May 19 - Jun 14
Sep 5 - Oct 15
May 27 - Jun 17
May 1 - Jul 5
May 18 - Jun 22
Sep 22 - Oct 12
Nov 21
May 15
May 15
Jun 29

 
  Nov 30
Jun 29
Oct 15
Jul 5
Jul 5
Jul 9
Nov 2
Jun 6
Aug 25
Aug 25
Oct 11
Apr 23
Apr 23
Jun 6
Sep 29
Jun 10
Sep 21
Aug 5
Sep 17
Jun 5
Jun 17 - Jun 30
Sep 8 - Oct 1
Sep 8 - Oct 1
Nov 4 - Nov 29

 
  Jun 17 - Jul 2
Oct 14 - Nov 8
Jun 10 - Jun 15
Oct 23 - Nov 17
Aug 5 - Sep 10
Oct 14 - Nov 17
Jun 15 - Jun 25
Jul 10
Oct 20
Oct 20
Dec 15
Oct 13
Aug 20
Jul 12
Nov 28
Jun 15
Dec 6
Sep 15
Dec 9
Jul 5

Oregon: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, All
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, All
Potatoes
Sugarbeets
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
150
33
30
460
610
35
64
16 .3
105
850
Sep 1
Apr 20
May 5

 
  Sep 15
Mar 15
Mar 15
Mar 1
Sep 15
Mar 30 - May 15
May 20 - Jun 1
May 25 - Jun 10

 
  Mar 15 - Apr 15
Apr 15 - May 14
Mar 22 - Mar 30
Mar 25 - Apr 15
Oct 10 - Nov 10
May 15
Jun 15
Jun 10

 
  Apr 15
May 15
Mar 30
Apr 15
Nov 10
Jul 10
Oct 10
Sep 1
May 5
Jun 5
Jul 10
Jul 15
Oct 1
Aug 1
Jul 15
Aug 5 - Aug 25
Nov 1 - Nov 20
Sep 10 - Sep 20

 
  Aug 10 - Aug 20
Oct 10 - Oct 20
Oct 10 - Oct 20
Aug 15 - Sep 10
Jul 30 - Aug 20
Sep 1
Dec 15
Sep 30
Sep 20
Sep 1
Sep 1
Nov 15
Oct 30
Sep 15
Sep 1

Pennsylvania: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
Rye
Soybeans
Tobacco, Type 32
Tobacco, Type 41
Wheat, Winter
75
1,070
370
750
1,130
135
16 .5
6
285
3 .2
4 .6
190
Aug 25
Apr 30
Apr 30

 
  Apr 15
Apr 10
Aug 30
May 10
May 25
May 25
Aug 30
Sep 15 - Oct 15
May 10 - May 25
May 10- May 25

 
  Apr 15 - May 10
Apr 30 - May 25
Sep 15 - Oct 15
May 20 - Jun 10
May 30 - Jun 15
May 30 - Jun 15
Sep 15 - Oct 15
Oct 25
Jun 15
Jun 30

 
  May 25
Jun 10
Oct 30
Jul 5
Jun 25
Jun 25
Oct 30
Jun 20
Sep 25
Aug 30
May 15
May 30
Jul 20
Aug 10
Jul 5
Oct 5
Aug 10
Aug 10
Jul 5
Jun 25 - Jul 20
Oct 15 - Nov 20
Sep 10 - Oct 10

 
  Jul 25 - Aug 20
Aug 25 - Oct 10
Jul 10 - Jul 30
Oct 20 - Nov 10
Aug 20 - Sep 10
Aug 20 - Sep 10
Jul 10 - Jul 30
Aug 10
Dec 10
Nov 5
Nov 15
Sep 25
Aug 30
Oct 30
Aug 10
Nov 30
Sep 25
Sep 25
Aug 10

Rhode Island: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Other
Potatoes
2
6
1
May 1

Apr 30

May 13 - Jun 1

May 7 - May 23

Jun 15

Jun 5

Sep 3
May 20
Aug 14
Sep 19 - Oct 16

Aug 28 - Sep 30

Oct 29
Oct 30
Oct 15

South Carolina: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Corn, for Grain
Cotton
Hay, Other
Oats, Fall
Peanuts
Potatoes, Sweet
Rye
Sorghum, for Grain
Soybeans
Tobacco, Type 13
Wheat, Winter
4
380
282
280
30
10 .5
1 .6
20
5
540
51
270
Oct 7
Mar 10
Apr 24

Sep 23
Apr 20
Apr 11
Sep 23
Apr 25
May 10
Apr 2
Oct 15

Oct 20 - Nov 20
Mar 20 - Apr 20
May 1 - May 20

Oct 15 - Nov 20
Apr 25 - May 15
May 12 - Jun 15
Oct 10 - Nov 20
May 25 - Jun 30
May 27 - Jun 27
Apr 9 - Apr 30
Nov 11 - Dec 15

Dec 15
May 15
Jun 1

Dec 15
Jun 5
Jul 5
Dec 13
Jul 25
Jul 11
May 10
Dec 31

May 25
Jul 25
Sep 23
May 15
May 25
Sep 8
Aug 20
May 23
Jul 28
Oct 20
Jun 30
May 26
Jun 5 - Jun 24
Aug 20 - Sep 25
Oct 15 - Nov 13

Jun 3 - Jun 20
Oct 2 - Nov 1
Sep 25 - Nov 6
Jun 8 - Jun 28
Sep 3 - Nov 6
Nov 10 - Dec 10
Jul 18 - Aug 26
Jun 6 - Jun 25

Jul 18
Oct 10
Dec 5
Nov 13
Jul 3
Nov 10
Dec 8
Jul 10
Dec 7
Dec 30
Sep 20
Jul 1

South Dakota: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Rye
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Soybeans
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
145
3,700
270
2,500
1,800
360
36
145
60
2,670
2,250
1,580
Apr 6
May 1
May 1

 
  Apr 4
Aug 30
May 14
May 14
May 10
Apr 3
Sep 1
Apr 17 - May 5
May 9 - May 25
May 9 - May 25

 
  Apr 15 - May 4
Sep 9 - Sep 24
May 26 - Jun 14
May 26 - Jun 14
May 20 - Jun 6
Apr 14 - May 2
Sep 10 - Sep 23
May 20
Jun 11
Jun 11

 
  May 21
Oct 7
Jul 2
Jul 2
Jun 26
May 17
Oct 7
Jul 12
Sep 24
Sep 2
Jun 1
Jun 15
Jul 10
Jul 9
Sep 22
Sep 2
Sep 21
Jul 15
Jul 6
Jul 23 - Aug 8
Oct 10 - Nov 6
Sep 17 - Oct 13
Jun 13 - Aug 19
Jun 29 - Aug 18
Jul 21 - Aug 7
Jul 20 - Aug 4
Oct 6 - Oct 29
Sep 17 - Oct 13
Oct 1 - Oct 23
Jul 27 - Aug 13
Jul 15 - Jul 31
Aug 20
Nov 30
Oct 26
Sep 1
Sep 1
Aug 20
Aug 15
Nov 16
Oct 26
Nov 5
Aug 30
Aug 12

Tennessee: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Soybeans
Tobacco, Type 22
Tobacco, Type 23
Tobacco, Type 31
Tobacco, Type 35
Wheat, Winter
680
75
530
40
1,750
18
5
1,150
7 .5
.6
46
.5
400
Apr 5
Apr 15
Apr 25

 
  Apr 15
Apr 25
May 10
May 5
May 5
May 5
May 5
Sep 25
Apr 15 - May 1
Apr 25 - May 10
May 5 - May 20

 
  May 10 - Jun 5
May 20 - Jun 5
May 30 - Jun 25
May 15 - Jun 5
May 15 - Jun 5
May 15 - Jun 5
May 15 - Jun 5
Oct 15 - Nov 10
Jun 1
Jun 10
Jun 5

 
  Jun 25
Jun 25
Jul 10
Jun 20
Jun 20
Jun 20
Jun 20
Nov 30
Sep 1
Aug 10
Sep 20
May 1
May 1
Sep 1
Aug 20
Oct 5
Aug 10
Aug 10
Aug 5
Aug 10
Jun 10
Sep 20 - Oct 15
Aug 25 - Sep 20
Oct 5 - Nov 1

 
  Sep 15 - Oct 10
Sep 1 - Sep 30
Oct 20 - Nov 15
Aug 25 - Sep 15
Aug 25 - Sep 15
Aug 25 - Sep 15
Aug 25 - Sep 15
Jun 15 - Jun 30
Nov 10
Oct 10
Nov 25
Oct 1
Oct 1
Nov 1
Oct 15
Dec 5
Oct 5
Oct 5
Oct 5
Oct 5
Jul 10

Texas: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Fall
Peanuts
Rice
Rye
Sorghum, for Grain
Sorghum, for Silage
Soybeans
Sugarbeets
Sugarcane
Wheat, Winter
11
1,800
70
4,136
150
4,200
100
265
298
10
3,800
50
270
12 .6
34 .9
2,900
Sep 10
Feb 28
Feb 28
Mar 10

 
  Sep 10
May 7
Mar 22
Sep 1
Mar 3
Mar 3
Apr 16
Mar 27

Aug 31

Oct 1 - Nov 15
Mar 20 - Apr 29
Mar 20 - Apr 29
May 5 - Jun 6

 
  Sep 29 - Nov 14
May 29 - Jun 31
Apr 5 - May 4
Sep 25 - Oct 20
Mar 22 - May 23
Mar 22 - May 23
May 3 - Jun 14
Apr 8 - Apr 25

Sep 16 - Oct 21

Dec 1
May 15
May 15
Jun 30

 
  Dec 21
Jul 18
May 26
Nov 15
Jul 5
Jul 5
Jul 16
May 7

Dec 3

May 20
Jul 16
Jul 5
Aug 10
Apr 15
May 1
May 18
Sep 7
Jul 22
May 15
Jul 5
Jul 1
Aug 13
Oct 3
Oct 10
May 25
Jun 5 - Jun 20
Aug 6 - Sep 24
Jul 20 - Sep 5
Oct 1 - Dec 2

 
  Jun 5 - Jul 5
Oct 10 - Nov 22
Aug 10 - Sep 11
Jun 5 - Jun 20
Jul 19 - Oct 10
Jul 15 - Oct 1
Sep 10 - Nov 1
Oct 21 - Dec 1
Nov 1 - Mar 1
Jun 10 - Jun 30
Jul 1
Nov 1
Oct 15
Dec 28
Sep 20
Sep 30
Jul 25
Dec 20
Oct 15
Jul 1
Nov 26
Nov 7
Dec 3
Dec 24
Apr 15
Jul 7

Utah: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
100
.6
21
42
545
160
9
4 .2
28
160
Mar 20
May 10
Apr 15
May 1

 
  Mar 20
Apr 25
Mar 20
Aug 20
Apr 1 - Apr 20
May 15 - May 25
Apr 30 - May 20
May 5 - May 25

 
  Apr 10 - May 5
May 10 - Jun 10
Apr 1 - Apr 20
Aug 25 - Oct 5
May 10
Jun 1
Jun 5
Jun 5

 
  Jun 1
Jun 20
May 1
Oct 20
Jul 15
Sep 1
Sep 25
Sep 5
Jun 1
Jul 10
Jul 25
Aug 25
Jul 15
Jul 10
Jul 25 - Aug 15
Sep 10 - Sep 30
Oct 10 - Oct 30
Sep 20 - Oct 5

 
  Aug 15 - Sep 10
Sep 15 - Oct 15
Aug 5 - Aug 25
Jul 25 - Aug 10
Sep 1
Oct 20
Dec 10
Oct 20
Oct 25
Aug 25
Sep 30
Oct 30
Sep 5
Aug 25

Vermont: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Other
76
185
May 7
May 16 - Jun 1
Jun 15
Sep 6
May 30
Sep 22 - Oct 13
Oct 23
Oct 20

Virginia: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Fall
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Cotton
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Peanuts
Rye
Soybeans
Tobacco, Type 11
Tobacco, Type 21
Tobacco, Type 31
Tobacco, Type 37
Wheat, Winter
75
310
130
102
130
1,150
76
10
480
37 .7
1 .1
9 .5
.1
275
Sep 10
Apr 5
Apr 5
Apr 10

 
  Apr 20
Aug 20
Apr 30
Apr 30
May 5
May 10
May 10
Sep 25
Oct 5 - Oct 30
Apr 20 - May 20
Apr 20 - May 25
Apr 20 - May 10

 
  May 5 - May 20
Aug 25 - Nov 20
May 20 - Jun 30
May 5 - May 20
May 15 - May 30
May 20 - Jun 5
May 15 - May 30
Oct 20 - Nov 15
Nov 25
Jun 5
Jun 10
May 20

 
  May 25
Nov 30
Jul 10
May 30
Jun 10
Jun 25
Jun 10
Nov 30
May 30
Aug 25
Aug 5
Sep 30
May 1
May 25
Sep 15
Jun 5
Oct 5
Jul 15
Aug 5
Aug 25
Aug 10
Jun 5
Jun 10 - Jun 25
Sep 5 - Oct 25
Aug 30 - Oct 1
Oct 25 - Nov 25

 
  Oct 5 - Oct 25
Jun 10 - Jun 25
Oct 25 - Nov 25
Aug 15 - Sep 20
Aug 20 - Sep 10
Sep 5 - Sep 25
Aug 20 - Sep 15
Jun 20 - Jul 15
Jul 15
Nov 20
Oct 20
Dec 10
Oct 20
Oct 1
Nov 5
Jul 5
Dec 10
Oct 10
Sep 25
Oct 5
Sep 30
Jul 25

Washington: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Peas, Dry Edible
Potatoes
Sugarbeets
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
440
35
120
50
490
310
14
108
161
13
395
2,350
Mar 1
May 10
Apr 15
Apr 15

 
  Mar 5
Apr 1
Mar 15
Mar 5
Mar 1
Sep 1
Apr 1 - Apr 30
May 25 - Jun 5
May 1 - May 20
May 1 - May 20

 
  Mar 10 - Apr 10
Apr 10 - May 5
Apr 10 - May 5
Mar 22 - Mar 30
Mar 25 - Apr 25
Sep 5 - Oct 5
May 20
Jun 20
Jun 5
Jun 5

 
  Apr 20
May 20
May 15
Mar 30
May 15
Oct 30
Jul 15
Aug 25
Oct 5
Aug 10
May 15
May 15
Jul 15
Jul 15
Jul 15
Oct 1
Jul 20
Jul 15
Aug 1 - Aug 30
Sep 15 - Oct 5
Oct 20 - Nov 20
Sep 10 - Oct 10
Jun 1 - Sep 5
Jun 1 - Aug 20
Aug 1 - Aug 30
Aug 1 - Aug 31
Sep 15 - Oct 15
Oct 10 - Oct 20
Aug 5 - Aug 30
Jul 25 - Aug 20
Sep 15
Oct 25
Dec 1
Oct 25
Oct 1
Sep 15
Sep 10
Sep 15
Nov 5
Oct 30
Sep 15
Sep 5

West Virginia: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Tobacco, Type 31
Wheat, Winter
40
20
40
530
3
1 .7
11
Apr 25
Apr 25

 
  Apr 1
May 15
Sep 20
May 1 - Jun 1
May 1 - Jun 1

 
  Apr 10 - May 10
May 20 - Jun 15
Oct 10 - Nov 5
Jun 15
Jun 15

 
  Jun 1
Jul 1
Nov 20
Sep 10
Aug 25
May 25
Jun 1
Jul 1
Aug 15
Jun 25
Sep 20 - Oct 25
Sep 1 - Sep 20

 
  Jul 20 - Aug 15
Aug 20 - Sep 20
Jul 5 - Aug 1
Nov 25
Oct 15
Sep 25
Oct 10
Sep 1
Oct 5
Aug 10

Wisconsin: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Potatoes
Rye
Soybeans
Tobacco, Type 54
Tobacco, Type 55
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
75
3,000
865
2,100
400
300
81
12
870
1 .9
1 .0
10
125
Apr 5
Apr 25
Apr 25

 
  Apr 1
Mar 25
Aug 15
May 5
May 15
May 15
Apr 5
Sep 5
Apr 10 - May 10
May 1 - Jun 5
May 1 - Jun 5

 
  Apr 10 - May 20
Apr 5 - Apr 25
Sep 10 - Sep 30
May 15 - Jun 20
Jun 1 - Jun 30
Jun 1 - Jun 30
Apr 10 - May 10
Sep 10 - Sep 30
May 15
Jun 10
Jun 10

 
  May 25
May 1
Oct 1
Jun 30
Jul 5
Jul 5
May 15
Oct 5
Jul 15
Oct 1
Sep 10
Jun 1
Jun 10
Jul 20
Jul 20
Jul 5
Oct 1
Aug 15
Aug 15
Jul 25
Jul 15
Jul 25 - Aug 20
Oct 15 - Nov 15
Sep 20 - Oct 15

 
  Jul 30 - Aug 25
Aug 15 - Oct 1
Jul 15 - Aug 5
Oct 15 - Nov 1
Aug 25 - Sep 10
Aug 25 - Sep 10
Aug 5 - Aug 25
Jul 25 - Aug 15
Sep 1
Nov 30
Nov 1
Sep 30
Sep 30
Sep 5
Oct 10
Aug 10
Nov 10
Sep 25
Sep 25
Sep 1
Aug 20


Wyoming: Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates, by Crop
Crop 1996
Harvested
Acres
(000)
Usual Planting Dates Usual Harvesting Dates
Begin Most Active End Begin Most Active End
Barley, Spring
Beans, Dry
Corn, for Grain
Corn, for Silage
Hay, Alfalfa
Hay, Other
Oats, Spring
Sugarbeets
Wheat, Spring
Wheat, Winter
120
34
50
33
620
600
32
56 .8
26
210
Mar 15
May 8
Apr 22
Apr 22

 
  Mar 28
Apr 3
Mar 27
Aug 23
Mar 28 - Apr 28
May 27 - Jun 11
May 3 - May 21
May 3 - May 21

 
  Apr 15 - May 14
Apr 12 - Apr 29
Apr 14 - May 15
Sep 4 - Sep 20
May 28
Jun 19
Jun 10
Jun 10

 
  Jun 1
May 11
Jun 3
Oct 2
Jul 29
Aug 31
Sep 24
Sep 4
Jun 11
Jun 19
Jul 29
Sep 21
Aug 1
Jul 13
Aug 8 - Aug 31
Sep 12 - Oct 2
Oct 11 - Nov 9
Sep 12 - Sep 29

 
  Aug 15 - Sep 10
Oct 8 - Oct 24
Aug 12 - Sep 8
Jul 24 - Aug 12
Sep 21
Oct 15
Dec 5
Oct 11
Oct 1
Sep 2
Sep 26
Nov 2
Sep 25
Sep 3





Usual Planting and Harvesting Dates         Agricultural Statistics Board
December 1997         NASS, USDA

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